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How can a symbol be used to communicate an idea?

How can a symbol be used to communicate an idea?

All communication (and data processing) is achieved through the use of symbols. Symbols take the form of words, sounds, gestures, ideas, or visual images and are used to convey other ideas and beliefs.

How words and symbols can be used to positively influence interpersonal communication?

Explanation: The use of symbols eases the communication. It reduces the amount of words and increases the effectiveness of information. The communication between people is enhanced through symbols as this will increase the process of communication between the individuals.

What is anomalies and its types?

There are three types of anomalies: update, deletion and insertion anomalies. An update anomaly is a data inconsistency that results from data redundancy and a partial update. For example, each employee in a company has a department associated with them as well as the student group they participate in.

What is insert anomaly with example?

Insert Anomalies An Insert Anomaly occurs when certain attributes cannot be inserted into the database without the presence of other attributes. For example this is the converse of delete anomaly – we can’t add a new course unless we have at least one student enrolled on the course.

How many types of insertion anomalies are there?

three types

What are the database anomalies?

Anomalies are problems that can occur in poorly planned, un-normalised databases where all the data is stored in one table (a flat-file database). E.g. A library database that cannot store the details of a new member until that member has taken out a book.

How anomalies can be removed from a database?

Normalisation is a systematic approach of decomposing tables to eliminate data redundancy and Insertion, Modification and Deletion Anomalies. This process of specifying and defining tables, keys, columns, and relationships in order to create an efficient database is called normalisation.

How do you prevent data anomaly?

The simplest way to avoid update anomalies is to sharpen the concepts of the entities represented by the data sets. In the preceding example, the anomalies are caused by a blending of the concepts of orders and products. The single data set should be split into two data sets, one for orders and one for products.

How do you identify a super key?

The superkey is also known as superset key. If attribute set K is a superkey of relation R, then at all times it is the case that the projection of R over K has the same cardinality as R itself. A superkey is a set of attributes within a table whose values can be used to uniquely identify a tuple.