What are the functions of gerund?

What are the functions of gerund?

A gerund is a type of verbal that ends in -ing and is used like a noun. Gerunds can also function as the subject of the sentence, the direct object, or as the subject complement. They can also act as an object of a preposition.

How can you tell the difference between a participle and a gerund?

Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. However, each has a different function. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective.

Are gerunds participles?

3 Answers. A gerund is a form of a verb used as a noun, whereas a participle is a form of verb used as an adjective or as a verb in conjunction with an auxiliary verb. In English, the present participle has the same form as the gerund, and the difference is in how they are used.

How do you teach gerunds and participles?

Seeing that I was going to be late, I slowed down and decided walking was easier.” Ask the class if they found any words that had similar endings. Point out the words ending in -ing and explain which ones are gerunds. Note that the word “pouring” is a participle, which will be covered in the next lesson.

How do you teach gerunds fun?

My Teaching Method for Teaching Gerunds & Infinitives with a Story

  1. Read the story aloud to the class.
  2. Briefly explain that in English, often verbs are followed by another action.
  3. On the white/chalkboard, write “Verb + infinitive” on the left side, and “Verb + Gerund” on the right.
  4. Reread your story for a third time.

What are gerunds kids?

From Academic Kids In linguistics, a gerund is a kind of verbal noun. It behaves as a verb within a clause (so that, for example, it may be modified by an adverb or have an object), but the clause as a whole (sometimes consisting only of one word, the gerund) acts as a noun within the larger sentence. For example.

How do you explain gerunds to a child?

A gerund is a verb ending in –ing that is used as a noun, either as a subject, object or complement. This definition may seem straightforward to those of us who are native English speakers with an understanding of grammar. It’s not as clear to everyone else.

How do you introduce gerunds?

Generally speaking, creating a gerund is as easy as adding “ing” to the base form of the verb. There are some exceptions, however. For one-syllable verbs ending with a consonant: Double the final consonant before adding “ing.” For example: dig/digging, put/putting, plan/planning.

How do you practice gerunds?

Exercise on Gerund

  1. She is good at (dance) .
  2. He is crazy about (sing) .
  3. I don’t like (play) cards.
  4. They are afraid of (swim) in the sea.
  5. You should give up (smoke) .
  6. Sam dreams of (be) a popstar.
  7. He is interested in (make) friends.
  8. My uncle is afraid of (go) by plane.

What is an infinitive example?

1. What is an infinitive? An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary). Examples of infinitives include to read, to run, to jump, to play, to sing, to laugh, to cry, to eat, and to go.

What is the function of to infinitive?

An infinitive is a verbal which functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb. It takes the form of “to + verb” in its simplest form. An infinitive expresses an action or state of being.