What did Pericles say about Athens?
What did Pericles say about Athens?
In the climax of his praise of Athens, Pericles declares: “In short, I say that as a city we are the school of Hellas; while I doubt if the world can produce a man, who, where he has only himself to depend upon, is equal to so many emergencies, and graced by so happy a versatility as the Athenian.” Finally, Pericles …
What is the defining principle of Athenian life that Pericles stated in his funeral speech?
In his speech, Pericles states that the citizens of Athens must continue to support the war. He wanted to emphasis that what they were fighting for was of the upmost importance. He stated that the soldiers who died gave their lives to protect the city of Athens, its citizens, and its freedom.
Why would the Athenian passion for debate described by Pericles have been distasteful to the Spartans?
The Athenian passion for debate would have been distasteful to the Spartans as the Spartans did not encourage individual thought, and Athens did. To maintain their control over the helots (serfs in Sparta), the Spartans instituted the reforms that created their military state.
What was Pericles role in bringing about Athenian greatness?
How did Pericles contribute to Athenian greatness? The economy thrived and the government became more democratic. The city proceeded to conquer all of Greece except for Sparta and its allies, and became known as the Athenian Empire. This caused Sparta to take action against them.
What are 3 things that Pericles did to strengthen Athens?
Lesson at a Glance During his time, he sponsored social programs, the arts, and education. He also led Athens into war with Sparta, rallying the spirits of his people during this time. Pericles was a patron of the arts and encouraged new architecture and building styles….
What was a goal of Athenian government?
He had three goals: (1) to strengthen Athenian democracy, (2) to hold and strengthen the empire, and (3) to glorify Athens. Use a web diagram to organize information about Pericles’ goals for Athens. hold public office.
How did the Athens government contribute to its rise?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
Why did Sparta fight Athens?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
What was the most powerful Greek city state?
Why was ancient Greece dominated by city states?
Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. Another reason city-states formed, rather than a central, all-encompassing monarchy, was that the Greek aristocracy strove to maintain their city-states’ independence and to unseat any potential tyrants….
What did all the Greek city states have in common?
Though the Greek city-states were fiercely independent, these city states did have many things in common. They worshipped the same gods, they spoke the same language, and they had the same cultural background. And in times of foreign invasion (such as the Persian wars), they would band together to fight a common foe.
Who rules a city-state?
Each city-state, or polis, had its own government. Some city states were monarchies ruled by kings or tyrants. Others were oligarchies ruled by a few powerful men on councils. The city of Athens invented the government of democracy and was ruled by the people for many years.
What were the benefits of dividing Greece into city states?
The country’s mountainous terrain, many isolated valleys, and numerous offshore islands encouraged the formation of many local centers of power, rather than one all-powerful capital. Another key factor influencing the formation of city-states rather than kingdoms was the Mediterranean.
How did Greece geography impact its development?
The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.
How was life in ancient Greece affected by geography?
Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. Many ancient Greeks sailed across the sea to found colonies that helped spread Greek culture.
Why did the Greeks rely on the sea?
Because farming didn’t produce huge surpluses, and travel across the terrain was difficult, the Greeks came to depend on the sea. People living near the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian Seas became fishers, sailors, and merchants.
What impact did nearness to the sea have on development of Greece?
1) What impact did nearness to the sea have on the development of Greece? Since the Greeks lived so close to the sea they became excellent sailors. They used this ability for trade because Greece lack natural resources like timber, metals, and farmland. The seaways also linked most parts of Greece together.
What impact did the sea have on ancient Greek life?
As the Greeks became skilled sailors, sea travel connected Greece with other societies. Sea travel and trade were also important because Greece lacked natural resources, such as timber, precious metals, and usable farmland. Rugged mountains covered about three-fourths of ancient Greece.
Why was it difficult to unite Greece under a single government?
The simple answer is geography. The terrain was too mountainous, so each valley was isolated enough to develop their own local polity and culture. Enough so that a Greek nationalistic identity wouldn’t emerge until modern times. In ancient times the Greeks were known by their local region.
Why are the Minoans not considered Greek by historians?
-Minoans not considered Greek by historians because they didn’t speak the Greek language, -The first to speak Greek, and thusly were the first Greek were the Mycenaeans, -Unlike the sailing Minoans, the Mycenaeans built fortress all across the mainland, including Mycenae, for which their civilization was named.
What was an important feature of Athenian democracy?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.