What does the Greek root graph mean?

What does the Greek root graph mean?

Graphic Writing There is much to say about the Greek root graph which means ‘to write,’ so let this ‘written’ discourse begin! And a bibliography is a ‘written’ lists of books you’ve used when writing a paper.

What does the Greek root Thermo mean?

before vowels therm-, word-forming element meaning “hot, heat, temperature,” used in scientific and technical words, from Greek thermos “hot, warm,” therme “heat” (from PIE root *gwher- “to heat, warm”).

What does the root Kinesis mean?

The word kinesis is Greek, meaning simply “movement or motion.” Definitions of kinesis.

What is a Kinesis behavior?

Kinesis is the undirected movement in response to a stimulus, which can include orthokinesis (related to speed) or klinokinesis (related to turning). Taxis is the directed movement towards or away from a stimulus, which can be in response to light (phototaxis), chemical signals ( chemotaxis ), or gravity (geotaxis).

What is Karyo?

a combining form meaning “nucleus of a cell,” used in the formation of compound words: karyotin.

What does Kary mean in Greek?

Karyocyte: Any cell that possesses a nucleus. The term “karyocyte” is made up of “kary-” from the Greek “karyon” meaning “nut or kernel” + “-cyte” from the Greek “kytos” meaning a “hollow vessel” = a hollow vessel (a cell) containing a nut or kernel (a nucleus).

What does Reticulo mean?

, reticul- Combining forms meaning reticulum; reticular. [L. reticulum, a small net, dim.

What does sider o mean?

a combining form meaning “iron,” used in the formation of compound words: siderolite.

What is meant by reticuloendothelial system?

Definition. The reticuloendothelial system (RES) removes immune complexes from the circulation in healthy persons, and is formed of phagocytic cells that are found in the circulation and in tissues. Larger immune complexes are removed more quickly from the circulation than smaller immune complexes.

What does Coagul o mean?

Definition: coagulation, clotting. Example: coagulopathy.

Why is clotting important?

Blood clotting, or coagulation, is an important process that prevents excessive bleeding when a blood vessel is injured. Platelets (a type of blood cell) and proteins in your plasma (the liquid part of blood) work together to stop the bleeding by forming a clot over the injury.

Why reticuloendothelial system is important?

The reticuloendothelial system (RES) is a heterogeneous population of phagocytic cells in systemically fixed tissues that play an important role in the clearance of particles and soluble substances in the circulation and tissues.

What organs are part of the reticuloendothelial system?

reticuloendothelial system a network of cells and tissues found throughout the body, especially in the blood, general connective tissue, spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and lymph nodes. They have both endothelial and reticular attributes and the ability to take up colloidal dye particles.

What is role of reticuloendothelial system?

The reticuloendothelial system consists of the various cells of the body that primarily function to remove dead or abnormal cells, tissues, and foreign substances. Both can result in skeletal manifestations, although the primary pathology is in other tissues.

Why is it Reticuloendothelial?

In anatomy the term “reticuloendothelial system” (abbreviated RES), often associated nowadays with the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), was originally launched by the beginning of the 20th century to denote a system of specialised cells that effectively clear colloidal vital stains (so called because they stain …

What are Sinusoids?

Sinusoid, irregular tubular space for the passage of blood, taking the place of capillaries and venules in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. The sinusoids form from branches of the portal vein in the liver and from arterioles (minute arteries) in other organs.

What is phagocytosis?

Phagocytosis is a process by which cells ingest large particles (> 0.5 micrometers) into membrane-bound vesicles called phagosomes, which are then targeted to the lysosomes for enzymatic degradation.

Is phagocytosis good or bad?

Surface phagocytosis may be an important pre-antibody defense mechanism which determines whether an infection will become a disease and how severe the disease will become.

What is phagocytosis give example?

Phagocytosis, process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles. The phagocyte may be a free-living one-celled organism, such as an amoeba, or one of the body cells, such as a white blood cell.

What triggers phagocytosis?

The process of phagocytosis begins with the binding of opsonins (i.e. complement or antibody) and/or specific molecules on the pathogen surface (called pathogen-associated molecular pathogens [PAMPs]) to cell surface receptors on the phagocyte. This causes receptor clustering and triggers phagocytosis.

What is the first step in phagocytosis?

There are a number of distinct steps involved in phagocytosis:

  1. Step 1: Activation of the Phagocyte.
  2. Step 2: Chemotaxis of Phagocytes (for wandering macrophages, neutrophils, and eosinophils)
  3. Step 3: Attachment of the Phagocyte to the Microbe or Cell.
  4. Step 4: Ingestion of the Microbe or Cell by the Phagocyte.

What will happen next if phagocytosis fails?

When Phagocytosis Fails Although phagocytosis successfully destroys many pathogens, some are able to survive and even exploit this defense mechanism to multiply in the body and cause widespread infection.

What are the different stages of phagocytosis?

Traditionally, the phagocytic process is considered in three stages: (1) attachment of the particle to the cell membrane; (2) interiorisation (phagocytosis); and (3) fusion of the phagocytic vesicle with intracellular lysosomes (digestion).

What are the 5 steps of phagocytosis?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Chemotaxis. – movement in response to chemical stimulation.
  • Adherence. – attachment to a microbe.
  • Ingestion. – engulfing pathogen with pseudopodia wrapping around pathogen.
  • Digestion. – phagosome maturation.
  • Elimination. – phagocytes eliminate remaining pieces of microbe via exocytosis.

What is the difference between phagocytosis and inflammation?

Phagocytosis is a complex process by which cells within most organ systems remove pathogens and cell debris. Phagocytosis is usually followed by inflammatory pathway activation, which promotes pathogen elimination and inhibits pathogen growth.

What blood cells help fight disease?

White blood cells are also called leukocytes. They protect you against illness and disease. Think of white blood cells as your immunity cells.

Which sign of inflammation is caused by stimulation of nerve endings?

Pain and/or itching (dolor) is caused by direct action on nerve endings of the chemical agents released during inflammation. Images of inflammatory infiltrate in skin.

What does the Greek root graph mean?

What does the Greek root graph mean?

There is much to say about the Greek root graph which means ‘to write,’ so let this ‘written’ discourse begin! One of the most common uses of this root is in the suffix -graphy. Geography is simply ‘writing’ about the physical characteristics of the Earth.

What is a Coomer?

What does coomer mean? Coomer is an internet meme based on an illustration of a scraggly male character who is mocked as an excessive masturbator. More broadly, coomer (with a lowercase C) is an often ironic insult for an oversexed young man or, more generally, a loser.

What do all bases have in common?

Both acids and bases are electrolytes which means that they’re good conductors of electricity. Acids and bases both produce ions in water solution. Acids release hydrogen ions (H+) whereas Bases release hydroxide ions (OH-).

How many types of bases are there?

On the basis of acidity bases can be classified into three types: monoacidic, diacidic and triacidic.

Which bases are the weakest?

Simple Facts. An example of a weak base is ammonia. It does not contain hydroxide ions, but it reacts with water to produce ammonium ions and hydroxide ions. The position of equilibrium varies from base to base when a weak base reacts with water.

What is the strongest base?

ortho-diethynylbenzene dianion

Which is stronger acid or base?

The general rules suggest that the stronger of a pair of acids must form the weaker of a pair of conjugate bases. The fact that HCl is a stronger acid than the H3O+ ion implies that the Cl- ion is a weaker base than water. Thus, the equation for the reaction between HCl and water can be written as follows.

What is the most powerful acid?

fluoroantimonic acid

What is the pH of the strongest base?


Which is dangerous acid or base?

An extremely strong base would be more dangerous than a weak acid, and vice versa. For example, oven cleaner, with a pH of 14 (highest possible level on the scale) would cause much more damage upon direct contact then would soda water, for example, a weak acid of pH 6 .

What is the most dangerous acid?

Hydrofluoric Acid

Which acid is most corrosive?

Most Corrosive Acids & Bases Known to Mankind

  • Hydrochloric Acid. Hydrochloric acid (also known as muriatic acid) is the aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride (HCl) gas.
  • Hydrofluoric Acid. Hydrofluoric acid (HF) destroys living tissue on contact and can even decalcify bone.
  • Sufluric Acid.
  • Sodium Hydroxide.

Is soap an acid or base?

Soap is a combination of a weak acid (fatty acids) and a strong base (lye), which results in what is known as “alkalai salt,” or a salt that is basic on the pH scale. (See scale below) Sure enough, if you use a pH strip (also known as a litmus test) in soapy water, it often scores an 8 or 9.

What does the Greek root graph mean?

What does the Greek root graph mean?

Graphic Writing There is much to say about the Greek root graph which means ‘to write,’ so let this ‘written’ discourse begin! And a bibliography is a ‘written’ lists of books you’ve used when writing a paper.

Whats the meaning of Gram?

1 : a metric unit of mass equal to ¹/₁₀₀₀ kilogram and nearly equal to the mass of one cubic centimeter of water at its maximum density — see Metric System Table. 2 : the weight of a gram under the acceleration of gravity.

What does gram mean in Latin roots?


What is a suffix for gram?

Suffix meaning a recording, usually by an instrument. Compare: -graph.

What is the difference between gram and graphy?

The distinction with this suffix is that it refers to the machine that will do the recording. Now, it should be easier to see that the ‘-graph’ is the ‘instrument used to record,’ ‘-graphy’ is recording or ‘to record,’ and ‘-gram’ is the result of the recording or the ‘record. ‘

What is an Otomy?

“Otomy” means cutting into a part of the body; a gastrotomy would be cutting into, but not necessarily removing, the stomach. And also “pharyngo” means pharynx, “laryngo” means larynx, “esophag” means esophagus. Thus, “pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy” refers to the surgical removal of the three.

What’s the difference between Otomy and ostomy?

The suffix (-otomy) refers to cutting or making an incision, while (-ostomy) refers to a surgical creation of an opening in an organ for the removal of waste.

What does Malacia mean?

Malacia: Softening. For example, osteomalacia is softening of bone, usually due to deficiency of calcium and vitamin D.

Is Malacia a word root?

An obsolete term for a pathologic state of tissue softening, typified by necrosis; the term survives only in the root form, -malacia (e.g., osteomalacia).

What does Malacia mean in Latin?

From Latin malacia, from Ancient Greek μαλακία (malakía, “softness, sickness”).

What is the opposite of Malacia?

the opposite of malacia is: sclerosis.

What causes Malacia?

Primary bronchomalacia is due to a deficiency in the cartilaginous rings. Secondary bronchomalacia may occur by extrinsic compression from an enlarged vessel, a vascular ring or a bronchogenic cyst. Though uncommon, idiopathic (of unknown cause) tracheobronchomalacia has been described in older adults.

What is the combining form Poli O means?


What is Megaly?

What does -megaly mean? The combining form -megaly is used like a suffix meaning “irregular enlargement” of an organ or part of the body. The form -megaly ultimately comes from the Greek mégas, meaning “great, large.”

Is Hepat a word root?

Hepat/itis; In this medical term, hepat (which means liver) is the word root.

What does the medical term Hemi stand for?

Hemi-: Prefix meaning one half, as in hemiparesis, hemiplegia, and hemithorax. From the Greek hemisus meaning half and equivalent to the Latin semi-.

What is Rrhexis?

a combining form meaning “rupture,” used in the formation of compound words: enterorrhexis.

What does Angiorrhexis mean?

(an″jē-ŏ-rek′sĭs) [ angio- + -rrhexis] Rupture of a vessel, esp. a blood vessel.

Which is the proper translation of Cardiomyotomy?

Surgery to open the heart muscle.

Which is the proper translation of gastritis?

Chapters 1-6 quiz questions

Question Answer
Which is the proper translation of gastritis? Inflammation of the stomach
Which is the proper translation of angiogram? Record of the blood vessels
Translate the suffix -emia. Blood condition
Identify the correct pronunciation for the underlined syllable in cyanosis sai

What food is not good for gastritis?

Foods to avoid on a gastritis diet

  • alcohol.
  • coffee.
  • acidic foods, such as tomatoes and some fruits.
  • fruit juices.
  • fatty foods.
  • fried foods.
  • carbonated drinks.
  • spicy foods.

What are the roots in the medical term Sclerokeratitis?

blepharo – eyelid; conjunctiv – conjunctiva. Identify and define the roots in the medical term sclerokeratitis. kerat – cornea; sclero – sclera.

Which medical term means loose skin?


Why do we get saggy skin?

Saggy skin, on both the face and body, is often associated with the loss of fat. The deterioration or reduction of collagen and elastin in the dermis are another cause of saggy skin. While anyone can get saggy skin, it’s more likely to occur in people as they age.

What is the medical term for abdominal fat?

Panniculus, often incorrectly referred to as pannus, is a medical term describing a dense layer of fatty tissue, consisting of excess subcutaneous fat within the lower abdominal region. …

What is the meaning of loose skin?

Loose or sagging skin occurs when internal or external factors affect the key molecules that help keep the skin elastic, firm, and hydrated. Most people start to experience skin laxity, or loosening, between the ages of 35 and 40 years .

How do you tighten loose skin?

Here are six ways you can tighten loose skin.

  1. Firming creams. A good choice for a firming cream is one that contains retinoids, says Dr.
  2. Supplements. While there’s no magic pill to fix loose skin, certain supplements may be helpful.
  3. Exercise.
  4. Lose weight.
  5. Massage the area.
  6. Cosmetic procedures.

How can I regain elasticity in my skin?

13 ways to improve or restore skin elasticity

  1. Collagen supplements. Collagen is a protein found in the skin’s connective tissues.
  2. Retinol and retinoids. Retinol is a form of vitamin A.
  3. Hyaluronic acid.
  4. Genistein isoflavones.
  5. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  6. Witch hazel extract.
  7. Cocoa flavanols.
  8. Laser treatments.

What foods help tighten loose skin?

You should include foods that are rich in collagen and elastin to your diet. Milk, legumes, cottage cheese, beans, nuts and fish are examples of foods that contain elastin and collagen. They help with skin firmness, strength and elasticity.

What does the Greek root logo mean?

Logos – Longer definition: The Greek word logos (traditionally meaning word, thought, principle, or speech) has been used among both philosophers and theologians.

What does the root Homi mean?

homi (human) homicide, hominid, hominoid.

What does the Greek root Hydro mean?

They hail from Greek (hydro) and Latin (aqua) and mean “water”. …

What are root words for Hydro?

-hydr-, root. -hydr- comes from Greek, where it has the meaning “water. ” This meaning is found in such words as: carbohydrate, dehydration, hydrant, hydraulic, hydrocarbon, hydroelectric, hydrofoil, hydrogen, hydrophobia, hydroplane, hydroponics, hydrotherapy.

What is the Greek root word that means water?


What does the root word qui mean?

qui. Calm and quiet. colon. Attach a word or a list or a phrase, quote or sentence to provide more information. tranquilizer.

What is the Greek root for vision?

#89 vis → see, look at The Latin root vis is easily recalled through the word vision, someone’s ability to “see,” whereas vid can be remembered through video, or moving images which you “see” on a screen.

What does gigas mean?

Gigas is a Greek word meaning “giant”, originally used to describe the race of Gigantes in Greek mythology and is used in the scientific name, as the specific epithet, of hundreds species of animals and dozens of plant species to denote their size.

What Nano Means?

The term “nano” comes from ancient Greek and means “dwarf” (nános = dwarf). Used as a prefix, “nano” denotes 10-9, just as “kilo” denotes 103 and “milli” 10-3. A nanometer is therefore equal to a billionth of a meter i.e. 0.000000001 m.

What does Hecto mean?

Hecto (symbol: h) is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one hundred. It was adopted as a multiplier in 1795, and comes from the Greek ἑκατόν hekatón, meaning “hundred”.

What does deci mean?

Deci (symbol d) is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one tenth. Proposed in 1793, and adopted in 1795, the prefix comes from the Latin decimus, meaning “tenth”.

What does deci mean in Greek?

deci-(Prefix) Meaning a tenth part. Etymology: From decimus, tenth.

What is the value for deci?


What is the value for centi?

deci- d 0.1
centi- c 0.01
milli- m 0.001
micro- µ 0.000,001

What is the value of Giga?


Prefix Analog value Digital value
m (milli) 10-3
k (kilo) 103 (1000) 210 (1024)
M (mega) 106 (1,000,000) 220 (1,048,576)
G (Giga) 109 (1,000,000,000) 230 (1,073,741,824)

What power of 10 is Nano?

SI Prefixes and Symbols Used to Denote Powers of 10

Prefix Multiple Symbol
micro 10-6 mu
nano 10-9 n
pico 10-12 p
femto 10-15 f

Is 10 to the 9th power a billion?

For 10n with n a positive integer, just write a ” 1 ” with n zeros after it. For negative powers 10−n , write ” 0 .” followed by n−1 zeros, and then a 1 ….

Powers of 10
101=10 101=1
109=1,000,000,000 (one billion) 10-8=0.00000001 (one hundred millionth)
1010=10,000,000,000 (ten billion) 10-9=0.000000001 (one billionth)

What comes after Nano?

We may write hW = 169 000 mm = 16 900 cm = 169 m = 0.169 km using the millimeter (SI prefix milli, symbol m), centimeter (SI prefix centi, symbol c), or kilometer (SI prefix kilo, symbol k)….Table 5. SI prefixes.

Factor Name Symbol
10-9 nano n
10-12 pico p
10-15 femto f
10-18 atto a

What is the power of Nano?

Power Prefixes

Power Prefixes
nano 10-9
pico 10-12
femto 10-15

Does nano mean small?

Scientific definitions for nano A prefix that means: Very small or at a microscopic level, as in nanotube. In this sense, this prefix is sometimes spelled nanno-, as in nannoplankton. One billionth, as in nanosecond, one billionth of a second.

Which is bigger nano or pico?

A kilogram being a thousand grams, but a nanogram isn’t a billionth of a gram, it’s just a millionth, it’s a billionth of a kilogram. Anyway, smaller than nano? pico (million-millionth), femto (million-billionth), atto (billion-billionth), zepto (billion-trillionth), yocto (trillion-trillionth).