What is Al Qaeda in Arabic?

What is Al Qaeda in Arabic?

Al-Qaeda, Arabic al-Qāʿidah (“the Base”), broad-based militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the late 1980s.

What’s another word for Al Qaeda?

Al-Qaeda’s name can also be transliterated as al-Qaida, al-Qa’ida, or el-Qaida.

Who started al Qaeda and what does the name mean?

Before September 11, 2001, many Americans knew little of al Qaeda or its founder, Osama bin Laden. But the roots of the militant Islamist network, whose name is Arabic for “the Base,” date back to the late 1970s and the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan.

What is Al Qaeda in simple terms?

The definition of al-Qaeda is a radical Islamic group organized by Osama bin Laden in the 1990s to engage in terrorist activities. A group of militant Muslim fundamentalists founded by bin Laden is an example of Al-Qaeda. The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks are attributed to this organization.

Did the US train Al Qaeda?

No Americans ever trained or had direct contact with the mujahideen, and no American official ever went inside Afghanistan. Marc Sageman, a Foreign Service Officer who was based in Islamabad from 1987–1989, and worked closely with Afghanistan’s Mujahideen, states that no American money went to the foreign volunteers.

What does the AL in Al Qaeda mean?

A network of Islamic fundamentalist groups, founded in 1988 and associated with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. The name comes from Arabic, meaning literally ‘the base’. From: Al-Qaeda in The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable »

Did the Mujahideen become Al-Qaeda?

Limited duration determined that the Afghan Arabs be trained and placed with the mujahideen for the remainder of the war. Open duration determined that after the war, the Arabs are to be tested and the best of them be chosen to become members Al-Qaeda (133). The group chose Bin Laden to lead the organization.

What does Shabaab mean?

Al Shabaab, meaning “The Youth” in Arabic, is the largest militant organization fighting to oust the Somali government and the foreign military presence supporting it. [3] The group seeks to control territory within Somalia in order to establish a society based on its rigid interpretation of Shariah law.

How does Al-Shabaab make money?

Acting as a quasi-government, al-Shabab is the only entity in the country which collects revenue in rural areas. It sets levies on livestock, on crops, even on the use of water resources.

Who is behind Al-Shabab?

Al-Shabaab’s troop strength was estimated at 7,000 to 9,000 militants in 2014….Al-Shabaab (militant group)

Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen
Leaders Ahmad Umar (2014–present) Ahmed Godane † (2007–14)
Dates of operation 2006–present
Headquarters Kismayo (2008–12) Barawe (2012–14) Jilib (2014–)
Active regions Somalia, Kenya and Yemen

What was Somalia before?

1950 – Italian Somaliland becomes a UN trust territory under Italian control. 1956 – Italian Somaliland renamed Somalia and granted internal autonomy. 1960 – British and Italian parts of Somalia become independent, merge and form the United Republic of Somalia; Aden Abdullah Osman Daar elected president.

What is the old name of Somalia?

The Somali Republic (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, Italian: Repubblica Somala, Arabic: الجمهورية الصومالية‎ Jumhūriyyat aṣ-Ṣūmālīyyah) was the name of a sovereign state composing of Somalia and Somaliland, following the unification of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) and the State …

How did Italy get Somalia?

Italy obtained control of it in 1889 and it was incorporated as a state in Italian East Africa in 1936. Britain invaded in 1941 and retained control until it became a UN trust territory under Italian administration in 1950. In 1960 it was united with British Somaliland to form the independent Republic of Somalia.

What did Italy take from Somalia?

The last piece of land acquired by Italy in Somalia in order to form Italian Somaliland was the Jubaland region. Britain ceded the territory in 1925 as a reward for the Italians having joined the Allies in World War I.

Did Italy help Somalia?

“If you consider that from 1981 to 1990 Italian aid to Somalia was almost equal to 50 percent of the country’s {Somalia’s} GNP and that for years Italy was the major donor of aid to Somalia,” says Rutelli, “it’s easy to see what a negative influence we had and just how great our reponsibilities are.”

Do Somalis have Italian ancestry?

The Italian Somali population in Somalia, from 1914 to 1989 It is a situation similar to the one documented in former Italian Eritrea. However, in the 2010s the Somalis who declare they have Italian ancestors are only a few thousands, concentrated mainly in Mogadishu and surroundings.

How many Somalis are in Italy?

7,903 immigrants

Did Somalia fight in WW2?

As a result, at the start of World War II, there were 20,458 Somali soldiers in Italian Somaliland, mostly in these two new divisions. Both the divisions fought bravely. Additionally during WW2 many Somali troops fought in the so-called Regio Corpo Truppe Coloniali of the Italian Empire.

Did Italy colonize Ethiopia?

Italian Ethiopia (in Italian: Etiopia italiana), also known as the Italian Empire of Ethiopia, was the territory of the Ethiopian Empire which was subjugated and occupied by Italy for approximately five years….Italian Ethiopia.

Italian Empire of Ethiopia Etiopia italiana የኢጣልያ መንግሥት
Currency Italian East African lira

Why did Italy lose to Ethiopia?

Italian defeat came about after the Battle of Adwa, where the Ethiopian army dealt the heavily outnumbered Italian soldiers and Eritrean askaris a decisive blow and forced their retreat back into Eritrea. Some Eritreans, regarded as traitors by the Ethiopians, were also captured and mutilated.

What country in Africa was never colonized?


Which country colonized Egypt?

The British occupied Egypt in 1882, but they did not annex it: a nominally independent Egyptian government continued to operate. But the country had already been colonized by the European powers whose influence had grown considerably since the mid-nineteenth century.

Which countries in the world were never colonized?

Depending on how you define it, the only countries that were never colonies are Liberia, Ethiopia, Japan, Thailand, Bhutan, Iran, Nepal, Tonga, China, and possibly North Korea, South Korea and Mongolia. Some historians nitpick over this list.