What is dependent and independent clause with examples?
What is dependent and independent clause with examples?
About Transcript. An independent clause is a sentence that has a subject and a verb and requires no extra information to understand. Dependent clauses, which start with subordinating conjunctions such as “while,” “that,” or “unless,” give background information but cannot stand on their own as sentences.
What is a independent clause in a sentence?
An independent clause contains a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb, but no complete thought. 1. A SIMPLE SENTENCE has one independent clause.
How do you find the dependent clause in a sentence?
A dependent clause has a subject and verb, is introduced by a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun, but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause is not a complete sentence. Example: Because the heavy rains flooded the entrance to the subdivision.
When a dependent clause comes at the beginning of a sentence?
A dependent clause that starts with a subordinating conjunction (e.g., “when,” “unless,” “because,” “until”) will be functioning as an adverb. When the clause is positioned at start of the sentence, offset it with a comma. If it ends the sentence, do not use a comma.
Can a sentence have 3 independent clauses?
When we take two or more independent clauses and join them together, we form a compound sentence. We usually connect the clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction, but you can also join them with a semicolon. Notice that there are three independent clauses in that example.
What are the two independent clauses?
Independent and Dependent Clauses: Coordination and Subordination
|Coordinating Independent Clauses|
|Method 1 Semicolon||Independent clause||;|
|Method 2 Comma and coordinating conjunction||Independent clause||, for , and , nor , but , or , yet , so|
Do commas always go after because?
Because is a subordinating conjunction, which means that it connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause; good style dictates that there should be no comma between these two clauses. There should generally be no comma between the two. Michael went to the forest, because he loves walking among the trees.
Where do I put a comma?
- Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet.
- Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.
Should this sentence have a comma?
Commas don’t just signify pauses in a sentence — precise rules govern when to use this punctuation mark. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives.
How do I know when to use a comma?
- Commas (Eight Basic Uses)
- USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES.
- USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE.
- USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES.
- USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES.
- USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES.
- USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.
How do you use semicolons in a sentence?
Semicolons Separate Clauses Here’s an example: I have a big test tomorrow; I can’t go out tonight. The two clauses in that sentence are separated by a semicolon and could be sentences on their own if you put a period between them instead: I have a big test tomorrow.
How do you use a semicolon in a resume?
In resumes, semicolons are almost never needed because your bullet points shouldn’t be long enough to require one. If you do find yourself wondering if you should use a semicolon, remember: semicolons are used to connect two clauses that are related to each other or have similar ideas; that is the only time to use one.
How do you use a colon properly?
Rules to Remember
- The hard and fast rule is that a colon must ALWAYS follow a complete sentence.
- A colon is used after a full sentence or independent clause to introduce something that illustrates, clarifies, or amplifies what was said in the sentence that preceded the colon.
Do you need a full sentence after a semicolon?
But observe carefully: the semicolon must be both preceded by a complete sentence and followed by a complete sentence. Do not use the semicolon otherwise: *I don’t like him; not at all.
What three main things can semicolons replace when being used?
Semicolon Usage: The Three Functions of Semicolons in Written English
- Join two related independent clauses of equal emphasis.
- Join two independent clauses in which the second clause begins with an adverb or short parenthetical.
- Separate items that contain commas in a series.
When should I use a colon or semicolon?
Semicolons should introduce evidence or a reason for the preceding statement; for example, this sentence appropriately uses a semicolon. A colon, on the other hand, should be used for a stronger, more direct relationship. It should provide emphasis, an example, or an explanation.
What Colon do you use for a list?
Use a colon to introduce an item or list, if the list comes after a complete sentence or independent clause. For example: There are three things every dog needs: food, water and healthcare. You need to grab these three things for the laundry: laundry detergent, fabric softener and dryer sheets.
How do you use commas and semicolons in a list?
It is usual to use commas to separate the items in a list. However, when the list items themselves contain commas, you can “outrank” those commas by using semicolons as the separators for your list items.