What is direct and indirect statement?

What is direct and indirect statement?

Direct speech describes when something is being repeated exactly as it was – usually in between a pair of inverted commas. Indirect speech will still share the same information – but instead of expressing someone’s comments or speech by directly repeating them, it involves reporting or describing what was said.

What are direct statements in literature?

Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. Direct speech is usually placed inside quotation marks and accompanied by a reporting verb, signal phrase, or quotative frame.

What is direct example?

The definition of direct is something that is the shortest way or someone honest and to the point. An example of direct is a non-stop plane trip from Los Angeles to Seattle. An example of direct is someone telling a friend they would look better wearing make up.

What is direct writing in English?

The claimed phenomenon in Spiritualism of spirit writing that is produced directly without visible physical contact with the medium and sometimes without writing material. It dispenses with mechanical contrivances such as the planchette and Ouija board and bypasses table tipping or table turning.

What is a direct speech and examples?

Direct speech is a sentence in which the exact words spoken are reproduced in speech marks (also known as quotation marks or inverted commas). For example: “You’ll never guess what I’ve just seen!” said Sam, excitedly.

What are direct and indirect speech with examples?

For example: Direct speech: “I’m seeing my brother tomorrow.” Indirect speech: She said she was seeing her brother the following day.

How do you write a direct speech sentence?

Direct Speech: In direct speech, the actual words (with no change) of speaker are quoted. The exact words (or actual words) of the speaker are enclosed in Inverted Commas or Quotation Marks. There is always a comma or a colon after “said” that introduces the spoken words.

What is reported speech give examples?

“Reported speech” is when we talk about what somebody else said – for example: Direct Speech: “I’ve been to London three times.”…Reported Speech (Part 1) – Statements.

Simple present Simple past “I want to go home.” She said she wanted to go home.

What are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech?

Changes as per Tense

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Present simple (Subject +V1st + Object) Past simple (Subject +V2 + Object)
Present continuous (Subject +is/am/are+V1 +ing+ Object) Past Continuous (Subject +was/were+V1 +ing+ Object)
Present perfect (Subject + has/have+V3+Object) Past perfect (Subject+had+V3+Object)

How do you identify direct speech?

In direct speech, we quote the exact words that were spoken. We put quotation marks around what was said and add a speech tag such as he said “or ” “she asked” either before or after the .

How do you identify direct and indirect objects?

A Grammar Lesson: Direct and Indirect Objects

  1. An object is the part of a sentence that gives meaning to the subject’s action of the verb. For example: Alice caught the baseball.
  2. A direct object answers the question of who(m) or what.
  3. An indirect object answers the question of to whom, for whom, or for what.

How do you teach direct and indirect speech to students?

Using Activities to Teach Reported Speech. Have your students rephrase sentences using reported speech. First, call on one of your students and read out a simple sentence. Then, have the student report the information back to you first using direct speech, then using indirect speech.

What is a fun way to teach direct speech?

Fun ways of practising Reported Speech

  1. Reported speech reversi.
  2. Go betweens.
  3. What they told you.
  4. Reported speech pairwork dictation.
  5. Reported speech pairwork dictation same or different.
  6. Pairwork dictation match the sentences.
  7. Pairwork dictation match the dialogue pairs.
  8. Reported Speech sentence completion guessing game.

How do you teach a reported speech to a beginner?

Practice. Provide students with a chart of the principal changes in reported speech (i.e. will -> would, present perfect -> past perfect, etc.). Ask students to practice the reported speech by beginning with a reported speech worksheet or by asking them to change sentences from direct to reported speech.

How do you convert direct speech to indirect speech?

General rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. End the sentence with a full stop. If the verb inside the inverted commas/quotation marks is in the present tense, change it into the corresponding past tense.

How do you turn a question into an indirect speech?

How to change Questions into Indirect Speech? :

  1. Change the question into a Statement.
  2. Change SAID / SAID TO into ASKED (enquired).
  3. Change Conjunction word THAT into IF or WHETHER.
  4. Change of Personal Pronoun, tense and Special words.
  5. Remove commas, quotation marks and question marks.

What is the correct way to use reported speech?

In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb. In direct speech the present tense is used….using suggestions in reported speech

  1. ‘My brothers are taller than me.
  2. ‘I will see you soon.
  3. ‘I have a cold.
  4. ‘I know the way.
  5. ‘He lost his phone.
  6. ‘Do you want a coffee?

How do you teach reported statements?

Make sure students understand that the verb in simple past was changed to past perfect. Report on what your students said about their weekend. Then, ask students to continue reporting on what their classmates said. Finally, report on what they said, but make mistakes; ask students to correct you.

What are the rules of reported speech?

The tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the direct speech sentence….Change of tenses.

Direct speech Reported speech
Simple Past Simple Present Simple Past
Simple Past Simple Past Present Perfect Past Perfect Past Perfect
Simple Past will would
Reported speech ‘to be’

What are the types of reported speech and examples?

There are two main types of reported speech: direct speech and indirect speech. Direct speech repeats the exact words the person used, or how we remember their words: Barbara said, “I didn’t realise it was midnight.” In indirect speech, the original speaker’s words are changed.

How do you explain a reported speech?

Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. direct speech: ‘I work in a bank,’ said Daniel. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank.

What is the indirect speech of must?

Indirect Speech for Modals, e.g. MUST, MAY, CAN, MIGHT, etc

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
MUST changes into HAD TO
He said, “I must study this book”. He said that he had to study this book.
They said, “We must finish the work in time”. They said that they had to finish the work in time.

What do you mean by indirect speech?

In linguistics, indirect speech (also reported speech or indirect discourse) is a grammatical mechanism for reporting the content of another utterance without directly quoting it. For example, the English sentence Jill said she was coming is indirect discourse while Jill said “I’m coming” would be direct discourse.

What is the time in indirect speech?

Changes in place, time and person in indirect speech

Direct speech Indirect speech
now then / at that time
tonight last night, that night, on Monday night
today yesterday, that day, on Monday
yesterday the day before / the previous day, on Sunday