What is functional group 10th class?

What is functional group 10th class?

Functional groups are group of atoms or bonds that define the function of the hydrocarbon that they get attached to. Examples: Alcohol, Aldehyde, Ketone, Carboxylic acid, Halogens, Double & Triple covalent bonds.

Is a functional group known as?

Chemical properties of an organic molecule is determined not by the whole molecule but by a specific region in it, called the functional group of the molecule. eg. 1: Compounds 1 and 2, which contain a carboxylic acid group as the functional group, are called carboxylic acids.

Is COOH a functional group?

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that has a carboxyl group. The carboxyl group is a functional group that contains a carbon–oxygen double bond and an OH group also attached to the same carbon atom, but it has characteristic properties of its own.

What is the name of COOH group?


How do you name ethers?

Systematic (IUPAC) names for ethers use the more complex group as the root name, with the oxygen atom and the smaller group named as an alkoxy substituent. Examples given above are ethoxyethane (diethyl ether), methoxyethane (methyl ethyl ether), 2-methoxy-2-methylpropane (MTBE), and phenoxybenzene (diphenyl ether).

Is aldehyde a functional group?

Chemically, an aldehyde /ˈældɪhaɪd/ is a compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to any generic alkyl or side chain R group.

Is ketone a functional group?

In chemistry, a ketone /ˈkiːtoʊn/ is a functional group with the structure R2C=O, where R can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents. Ketones contain a carbonyl group (a carbon-oxygen double bond).

What is the smallest ketone?


Which group is aldehyde?

Aldehydes are considered the most important functional group. They are often called the formyl or methanoyl group. Aldehydes derive their name from the dehydration of alcohols. Aldehydes contain the carbonyl group bonded to at least one hydrogen atom.

How do you describe an aldehyde?

Aldehyde, any of a class of organic compounds in which a carbon atom shares a double bond with an oxygen atom, a single bond with a hydrogen atom, and a single bond with another atom or group of atoms (designated R in general chemical formulas and structure diagrams).

What is an acid formula?

Acids and Bases

Compound Formula % by Weight
Acetic acid, glacial CH3COOH 99.5
Formic acid HCOOH 90
Hydrochloric acid HCl 36
Nitric acid HNO3 71

What is a simple definition of an acid?

acid, any substance that in water solution tastes sour, changes the colour of certain indicators (e.g., reddens blue litmus paper), reacts with some metals (e.g., iron) to liberate hydrogen, reacts with bases to form salts, and promotes certain chemical reactions (acid catalysis).

Is ammonia a base or acid?

One of the most characteristic properties of ammonia is its basicity. Ammonia is considered to be a weak base. It combines with acids to form salts; thus with hydrochloric acid it forms ammonium chloride (sal ammoniac); with nitric acid, ammonium nitrate, etc.