What is NCD risk factor?

What is NCD risk factor?

The rise of NCDs has been driven by primarily four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets. The epidemic of NCDs poses devastating health consequences for individuals, families and communities, and threatens to overwhelm health systems.

What are the three main risk factors for NCD?

Most NCDs are preventable Four out of five people with an NCD live in a LMIC. Driven largely by four main modifiable risk factors – tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and harmful use of alcohol – NCDs are a major cause of poverty and a barrier to economic and social development.

What are the five major risk factors of NCDs?

Depression, diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy diet, smoking, physical inactivity and excess alcohol consumption have been identified by the WHO Global Health Observatory data as common and preventable risk factors that underlie most NCDs.

What is NCD survey?

WHO conducts a periodic assessment of national capacity for NCD prevention and control through the use of a global survey to all Member States known as the NCD Country Capacity Survey (NCD CCS).

What is a common risk factor?

The common risk factor approach addresses risk factors common to many chronic conditions within the context of the wider socio-environmental milieu. Oral health is determined by diet, hygiene, smoking, alcohol use, stress and trauma.

What are the 4 most common types of NCD?

The main types of NCD are cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What is an example of a risk factor?

Risk factor: Something that increases a person’s chances of developing a disease. For example, cigarette smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, and obesity is a risk factor for heart disease.

What are some non modifiable risk factors?

non-modifiable risk factors are: age ethnic background family history of heart disease. The older you are, the more likely you are to develop coronary heart disease or to have a cardiac event (angina, heart attack or stroke).

What are the 5 steps of surveillance?

Introduction.

  • Purpose and Characteristics of Public Health Surveillance.
  • Identifying Health Problems for Surveillance.
  • Identifying or Collecting Data for Surveillance.
  • Analyzing and Interpreting Data.
  • Disseminating Data and Interpretations.
  • Evaluating and Improving Surveillance.
  • Summary.
  • What is the steps survey?

    The WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance (STEPS) is the WHO-recommended framework for NCD surveillance. We are building one common approach to defining core variables for surveys, surveillance and monitoring instruments. It is surveillance data that unites all our programmes.

    What are the key risk factors for NCD?

    The survey instrument covers key behavioral risk factors: tobacco use, alcohol use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, as well as key biological risk factors: overweight and obesity, raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, and abnormal blood lipids.

    How is stepwise approach to NCD risk factor surveillance ( steps )?

    The WHO STEPwise Approach to NCD Risk Factor Surveillance (STEPS) is a simple, standardized method for collecting, analysing and disseminating data on key NCD risk factors in countries. The survey instrument covers key behavioral risk factors: tobacco use, alcohol use, physical inactivity, unhealthy

    Which is the best definition of a modifiable risk factor?

    Modifiable Risk Factor A behavioral risk factor that can be reduced or controlled by intervention, thereby reducing the probability of disease. WHO has prioritized the following four: