What is strophe and Antistrophe?

What is strophe and Antistrophe?

A strophe (/ˈstroʊfiː/) is a poetic term originally referring to the first part of the ode in Ancient Greek tragedy, followed by the antistrophe and epode. The term has been extended to also mean a structural division of a poem containing stanzas of varying line length.

What is the purpose of strophe and Antistrophe?

The word itself means “to turn back,” which makes sense given that the chorus moves in the opposite direction of the strophe; for the antistrophe, the movement is left to right. The antistrophe serves as a response to the strophe, but it does not get the last word.

What is an Antistrophe in ancient Greek drama?

Antistrophe (Ancient Greek: ἀντιστροφή, “a turning back”) is the portion of an ode sung by the chorus in its returning movement from west to east, in response to the strophe, which was sung from east to west.

What is a strophe?

Strophe, in poetry, a group of verses that form a distinct unit within a poem. The term is sometimes used as a synonym for stanza, usually in reference to a Pindaric ode or to a poem that does not have a regular metre and rhyme pattern, such as free verse.

What is the purpose of a strophe?

In Greek drama, the strophe (turning) signified the first section of a choral ode, and was recited by the Chorus as it moved across the stage. The Chorus’s movement back to its original side was accompanied by the antistrophe.

What is the main idea expressed in the strophe?

2. What is the main idea expressed in the strophe? There is that plague and Chorus wants to save thebes 3.

Which lines make up the Epode?

Each couplet in a lyrical poem is an epode. The longer line, or topic sentence, in each couplet usually explains what the couplet is about. The shorter second line usually underscores the first line by adding information. The second line often shows another facet of the subject from the first line.

Which is the best example of a tragic flaw?

Explanation: In “The Tragedy of Macbeth” by William Shakespeare, the best example of a tragic flaw is Macbeth’s ambition to become king. The tragic flaw in the main character’s personality is one of the main characteristics of a tragedy. This tragic flaw will eventually provoke his downfall.

What main idea does the chorus express about the King’s killer?

The chorus asks for help against death and the plague because they cannot defend themselves. Oedipus’ speech was about finding the murderer and avenging him, however, he in fact is a murderer. Teiresias is a prophet and may know who the killer is.

How does Creon argue innocence?

Who does Creon suggest Oedipus go to for proof of his innocence? Creon tells Oedipus to “go to Delphi” and “ask the prophet” (lines 728–729). Creon is arguing that since he brought back “exactly what was said” from his trip to speak to Apollo he could not possibly be guilty (line 730).

Who is Oedipus’s brother?


Who does Oedipus blame for his fate?

god Apollo

What was Oedipus greatest mistake?

The biggest mistake made by Oedipus, Laius, and Jocasta. He will marry his mother and kill his father. Why wasn’t Oedipus killed at birth? The shepherd took pity on the doomed baby and gave him away to another shepherd.

Is Oedipus a victim of fate?

Oedipus in Oedipus Rex is necessarily a victim of fate and his own psychology. His curiosity brings about his downfall. Ancient Greek plays weren’t just portrayals of some obscure tale but were insights into human nature. Oedipus, although a victim of circumstances, digs his own grave by curiously unravelling his past.

What is Sophocles trying to tell us about fate?

In Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, the theme of fate versus free will appears often throughout the play. Their attempt to assert their free will is foiled when fate intervenes, in the form of the “good will” of a Shepherd who spares the infant’s life. Jocasta and Laius attempt to get rid of their son but fate triumphs.

What was Oedipus’s tragic flaw?

Oedipus fits this precisely, for his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. Moreover, no amount of foresight or preemptive action could remedy Oedipus’ hamartia; unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw.

At what point does Oedipus realize the truth?

Oedipus must realize that something is amiss when Jocasta leaves the stage screaming, but his speech at lines 1183–1194 is strangely joyful. Chance, he says in this speech, is his mother, and the waxing and waning moon his brothers.

Which king married his own mother?


Why doesn’t the servant kill the child Oedipus as he was ordered?

The Servant does not kill the child Oedipus as he was ordered to do because “He pitied the child” based on the Oedipus Rex story. The servant was ordered to kill the child because of the prophecy that predicted King Laius’ death. However, the servant did not finish the job and he rather saved the baby Oedipus.

Why did the shepherd give the baby away?

When Oedipus was born, the oracle had predicted that he would grow up to kill his father, the king Laius, and marry his mother, the queen Jocasta. To prevent this, Laius and Jocasta gave the baby to the shepherd to get rid of him.

Why did Oedipus leave his real parents?

After accidentally finding about the gruesome prophecy himself, in fear and disgust the young Oedipus fled Corinth and – guided by cruel destiny – wound up crossing paths with his real father at a narrow crossroad; after a brief argument with Laius’ charioteer over who had the right to go first, Oedipus killed both of …

Why did Oedipus parents order him to be exposed in the mountain?

To Laius, King of the polis Thebes, an oracle foretold that a male child born to him by the queen Jocasta would slay his father and wed his mother. Thus, when in time a son was born, Laius had the infant’s feet riveted together and he was exposed on Mount Cithaeron lest he grow up and fulfill the dreadful prophecy.

What’s it called when a son is in love with his mother?

In psychoanalytic theory, the Oedipus complex refers to the child’s desire for sexual involvement with the opposite sex parent, particularly a boy’s erotic attention to his mother. The Oedipal complex occurs in the phallic stage of psychosexual development between the ages of three and five.

Why did Oedipus curse his sons?

In Oedipus Rex, Oedipus is cursed because of his father’s bad behavior. Although his father, Laius, was saved as a child by Pelops, the king of Pisa, Laius was ungrateful and abducted the king’s son. When that son died as Laius’s captive, Laius was cursed, as were his descendants.

Why did Creon not bury Polyneices?

Creon exiled Oedipus from Thebes after Oedipus killed his father and married his mother. Creon also declared that Polyneices would not receive a proper burial because he committed treason against his own city.

For what reason does Oedipus blind himself?

Oedipus blinds himself out of shame because he does not want to see what he has done. He now has a new spiritual sight and cannot stand the consequences of possessing it. This in addition to Jocaste’s suicide, presses him to blind himself.