What is the cytoplasm in a bacterial cell?

What is the cytoplasm in a bacterial cell?

Cytoplasm or protoplasm of a bacterial cell is a gel like matrix composed of 80% water, enzymes, nutrients, wastes, gases, inorganic ions, and many low molecular weight compounds and cell structures such as ribosomes, chromosomes (nucleoid), and plasmids.

What is the main function of cytoplasm in a cell choose 1 answer?

Cytoplasm is responsible for giving a cell its shape. It helps to fill out the cell and keeps organelles in their place. Without cytoplasm, the cell would be deflated and materials would not be able to pass easily from one organelle to another. Cytosol is the part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles.

What is the definition of cell function?

Cellular functions include such basic life processes as protein and lipid (fat) synthesis, cell division and replication, respiration, metabolism, and ion transport as well as providing structural support for tissues, protecting the body against disease or injury, and serving as selective barriers to the passage of …

What is the main function of a cell quizlet?

A delivery system of folded membranes that sort and transport enzymes and hormones made in one part of the cell and needed in another location in the cell. Contains enzymes needed for digesting food, viruses, bacteria, and old cells. You just studied 24 terms!

What are the parts of the cell and their functions?

Cell Parts and Functions

  • Plant and animal cells contain subcellular structures called organelles.
  • The nucleus contains all the DNA of a cell.
  • Mitochondria release energy for the cell.
  • The Golgi apparatus packages and distributes substances.
  • Cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance found inside all cells.

What is the structure and function of a prokaryotic cell?

Prokaryotes have a cell membrane or plasma membrane that acts like a protective cover. They also have a rigid cell wall for added support and protection. Prokaryotic cells have ribosomes, which are molecules that make proteins. Their genetic material is in the nucleoid, which is the region where DNA lives.

Why are prokaryotes so important?

Prokaryotes are important to all life on Earth for a number of reasons. They play a critical role in the recycling of nutrients by decomposing dead organisms and allowing their nutrients to be re-used. They are also important for many metabolic processes.

What are the two domains of prokaryotes?

The two prokaryotic domains (Archaea and Bacteria) each comprise several smaller taxonomic groupings.

Where are prokaryotes found in the human body?

The human body contains a large number of prokaryotes. In the real sense of it, the number of prokaryotes in the human body exceeds the number of human cells present in the body. Prokaryotes do not only live in the human body. They are everywhere around us and in our environment.