# What is the origin and development of statistics?

## What is the origin and development of statistics?

The initial development of statistics in the 16th and 17th centuries was motivated by the need to make sense of the large amount of data collected by population surveys in the emerging European nation states. In the 19th century, statistics started to be used to make sense of the wealth of new scientific data.

## Who is the founder of Statistics Name?

Founders of statistics

Name Nationality Death
Bayes, Thomas English 1761
Laplace, Pierre-Simon French 1827
Playfair, William Scottish 1823
Carl Friedrich Gauss German 1855

What is the Latin word of statistic?

The word statistics is derived from the Latin word “status” or the Italian word “statista,” and meaning of these words is “political state” or “government.” Shakespeare used the word statist is his drama Hamlet (1602).

### What does the German word statistics mean?

The word statistics comes from the Latin word “Status” or Italian word “Statistia” or German word “Statistik” or the French word “Statistique”; meaning a political state, and originally meant information useful to the state, such as information about sizes of population (human, animal, products etc) and armed forces.

### Who was the first person to use the word statistics?

Sir John Sinclair

Which word statistics is used as?

The word statistics is used both in plural as well as in singular sense.

## Can a single value be called statistics?

The average (aka mean) of sample values is a statistic. Note that a single statistic can be used for multiple purposes – for example the sample mean can be used to estimate the population mean, to describe a sample data set, or to test a hypothesis.

## What is statistics in singular or plural?

‘Statistics’ is also a singular word denoting a field of knowledge. But ‘statistics’ has a plural meaning as well. A ‘statistic’ is a numerical fact, or a piece of numerical information or data, and collections of such things are called ‘statistics’ plural.

Who is the father of Indian statistics?

Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Karl Pearson

### Who is called the father of Indian planning?

Mokshagundam Vishweswaraiah

Which country is called father of economic planning?

Sir M Visvesvaraya, a Bharat Ratna recipient, was an engineer, statesman, and a scholar. He served as the Diwan of Mysore during the period of 1912-1918. In 1934, he published a book titled “Planned Economy in India”, in which he presented a constructive draft of the development of India in next ten years.

## Who is father of Blue Revolution?

Hiralal Chaudhuri and Dr. Arun Krishnsnan known as Father of Blue revolution.

## Who first made economic planning for India?

Jawaharlal Nehru

Which is the first in planning?

Establishing the objectives is the first step in planning. Plans are prepared with a view to achieve certain goals. Hence, establishing the objectives is an important step in the process of planning. Plans should reflect the enterprise’s objectives.

### Why India is called a planned economy?

Answer. India is known as the planned economy because it is a developing country and hence the investment of the capital good is done according to the production plans and the economy-wide economics.

### Which plan is known as Gadgil plan?

Third five year plan

What is called a rolling plan?

Rolling plan can be defined as the plan where there is no fixation of dates in respect of commencement and end of the plan. The main advantage of rolling plan is that they are very flexible and are able to overcome the rigidity by mending targets and objectives.

## Which 5 year plan is known as People’s Plan?

Setting up of National Planning Committee by Indian National Congress in 1938 , The Bombay Plan & Gandhian Plan in 1944, Peoples Plan in 1945 (by post war reconstruction Committee of Indian Trade Union), Sarvodaya Plan in 1950 by Jaiprakash Narayan were steps in this direction.

## Which five year plan is known as education plan?

11th five year plan

Which is not the goal of five year plan?

Every five year plan is developed with a specific goal in mind. But there is never one solitary objective of the plan. The plan is supposed to work towards the perspective plan and must cover a few important objectives. However, it is not possible or practical to give equal importance to all aspects of a plan.

### What is difference between second and fifth year planning?

(i) First Five year plan emphasised on agriculture development whereas the Second Five Year Plan had stressed on heavy industries. (ii) The First Five Year Plan was slower in reforms and Second Five Year Plan wanted to bring about quick structural transformation.

### What was the main focus of five year plan?

First Five-Year Plan in India With the Partition as backdrop, the country reeling with the influx of refugees, severe food shortage and mounting inflation, the First Five-Year Plan was introduced in 1951. It focused primarily on the development of the primary sector, specifically agriculture and irrigation.

Who gave the slogan of garibi hatao?

Garibi Hatao (“Remove poverty”) was the theme and slogan of Indira Gandhi’s 1971 election campaign.

## What suggestions were made before planning Independence?

Gandhian Plan. Sarvodaya Plan. Planning and Development Department. Planning Advisory Board.

## How many 5 year plans did Stalin?

thirteen

Were Stalin’s 5 year plans successful?

In China, the first Five-Year Plan (1953–57) stressed rapid industrial development, with Soviet assistance; it proved highly successful.

### Did Stalin’s 5 year plans work?

The plan, overall, was to transition the Soviet Union from a weak, poorly controlled, agriculture state, into an industrial powerhouse. While the vision was grand, its planning was ineffective and unrealistic given the short amount of time given to meet the desired goals.

### How many 5 year plans were there?

The first five-year plan in India was launched in 1951 and since then, India has witnessed twelve Five Year Plans. The present government had however discontinued the Five-year plan system and a new mechanism was put into place.