What is the reaction of photosynthesis in the chloroplast?

What is the reaction of photosynthesis in the chloroplast?

The chloroplast is involved in both stages of photosynthesis. The light reactions take place in the thylakoid. There, water (H2O) is oxidized, and oxygen (O2) is released. The electrons that freed from the water are transferred to ATP and NADPH.

What are the reactions of chloroplast?

The chloroplast is involved in both stages of photosynthesis. The light reaction takes place in the thylakoid discs. There, water (H20) is oxidized, and oxygen (O2) is released. The electrons freed up from water are transfered to ATP and NADPH.

What happens if chloroplasts are absent in plants?

❀ If chloroplast is absent then the plant will unable to perform photosynthesis. ❀ Therefore, if chloroplast is taken out of the cell, the green plant will not be able to carry out the process of photosynthesis which means the plant will die.

What are the Reacts to photosynthesis?

The reactants for photosynthesis are light energy, water, carbon dioxide and chlorophyll, while the products are glucose (sugar), oxygen and water.

What are the two reactions in the process of photosynthesis?

The reactions that make up the process of photosynthesis can be divided into light-dependent reactions, which take place in the thylakoids, and light-independent reactions (also known as dark reactions or the Calvin cycle), which take place in the stroma.

What happens during light reaction of photosynthesis?

The Light Reactions of Photosynthesis. Light is absorbed and the energy is used to drive electrons from water to generate NADPH and to drive protons across a membrane. These protons return through ATP synthase to make ATP.

What are the two stages involved in photosynthesis?

There are two main stages of photosynthesis: the light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle. Requires sunlight? Schematic of the light-dependent reactions and Calvin cycle and how they’re connected. The light-dependent reactions take place in the thylakoid membrane.

What would happen if chloroplast stopped working?

Without chloroplasts, plants would not be able to get their energy from the sun and would cease to survive, leaving us without food. On the other hand, without mitochondria, animals would be lacking in cellular energy and would also fail to survive.

What is the impact of having a chloroplast in plants?

In particular, organelles called chloroplasts allow plants to capture the energy of the Sun in energy-rich molecules; cell walls allow plants to have rigid structures as varied as wood trunks and supple leaves; and vacuoles allow plant cells to change size.

What are the 2 major reactions in photosynthesis?

The two stages of photosynthesis: Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle (light-independent reactions).

What are the 2 types of reactions?

Types of Chemical Reactions

  • Synthesis reactions. Two or more reactants combine to make 1 new product.
  • Decomposition reactions. A single reactant breaks down to form 2 or more products.
  • Single-replacement reactions.
  • Double-replacement reactions.
  • Combustion reactions.

Where does light independent reaction take place in chloroplast?

Interior to the chloroplast’s inner membrane and surrounding the thylakoids is a fluid called the stroma. The light-independent reactions of photosynthesis take place within the stroma. It contains enzymes that work with ATP and NADPH to “fix” carbon from carbon dioxide into molecules that can be used to build glucose.

How are chloroplasts and photosynthesis used in life?

Chloroplasts and Photosynthesis All animals and most microorganisms rely on the continual uptake of large amounts of organic compounds from their environment. These compounds are used to provide both the carbon skeletons for biosynthesis and the metabolic energy that drives cellular processes.

How are light dependent reactions used in photosynthesis?

The goal of the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis is to collect energy from the sun and break down water molecules to produce ATP and NADPH. These two energy-storing molecules are then used in the light-independent reactions. Within chloroplasts, chlorophyll is the pigment that absorbs sunlight.

Where does the ATP synthase in a chloroplast protrude?

The head of the chloroplast ATP synthase, where ATP is made, protrudes from the thylakoid membrane into the stroma, whereas it protrudes into the matrix from the inner mitochondrial membrane. To produce extra ATP, the chloroplasts in some species of plants can switch photosystem I into a cyclic mode so that it produces ATP instead of NADPH.