What is the relationship between lightning and atoms?
What is the relationship between lightning and atoms?
Lightning strikes split diatomic oxygen molecules in the atmosphere into individual oxygen atoms. These can then combine with other oxygen molecules to form ozone. The blue-violet tinge that lightning sometimes takes on is a consequence of it ionising molecules in the air.
What is the relationship between lightning and thunder Brainly?
A single stroke of lightning can heat the air around it to 30,000°C (54,000°F)! This extreme heating causes the air to expand explosively fast. The expansion creates a shock wave that turns into a booming sound wave, known as thunder.
What is thunder and lightning?
Lightning is a discharge of electricity. A single stroke of lightning can heat the air around it to 30,000°C (54,000°F)! This extreme heating causes the air to expand explosively fast. The expansion creates a shock wave that turns into a booming sound wave, known as thunder.
How is lightning formed in clouds?
The cold air has ice crystals. The warm air has water droplets. During the storm, the droplets and crystals bump together and move apart in the air. This rubbing makes static electrical charges in the clouds.
What is the 30 30 rule for lightning?
Don’t forget the 30-30 rule. After you see lightning, start counting to 30. If you hear thunder before you reach 30, go indoors. Suspend activities for at least 30 minutes after the last clap of thunder.
Is lightning hotter than the sun?
Lightning is four times hotter than the sun. The surface of the sun is around 11,000 degrees F. Scientists determined that temperature more than 20 years ago by examining the light given off by a bolt of lightning.
What is the rarest color of lightning?
Yellow lightning is uncommon; however, they tend to be cooler than the blue, lilac and white. They’re caused to due to a high concentration of dust in the air. And is an indication of a dry thunderstorm with low-precipitation. White lightning is the hottest, and literally, all bolts radiate white color.
What color Lightning is the strongest?
What Color Lightning is the Strongest?
- Blue – this color of lightning is an indication that a high precipitation storm is occurring with chances of hail.
- Purple – this color of lightning occurs when there is high humidity in the atmosphere and is typically accompanied by high precipitation.
What happens to water when lightning strikes it?
Lightning is a rapid discharge of electrical energy in the atmosphere. Lightning doesn’t strike the ocean as much as land, but when it does,it spreads out over the water, which acts as a conductor. It can hit boats that are nearby, and electrocute fish that are near the surface.
Can lightning kill you in water?
Electricity and bodies of water just don’t mix. Lightning often strikes water, and water conducts electricity. That means that the currents from a lightning strike can seriously injure you. In fact, it can even kill you.
Does lightning kill fish when it strikes the ocean?
So, when lightning hits the water, the current zips across the surface in all directions. And if you’re swimming anywhere in the vicinity, it’ll probably hit you. But below the surface, most of the electricity is instantly neutralized. So the fish are generally spared.
How far away from lightning is safe in water?
In a thunderstorm, being totally immersed in sea water is often a better bet that hiding out on your boat or surfboard, even with the chance of sharks! Basic principles suggest that the answer is ‘very close’ – within maybe tens of metres – so long as you are totally immersed in the water when the lightning strikes.
Has anyone ever died from lightning in a pool?
No death has been recorded to date from lightning during indoor swimming activities. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reported 60 swimming pool electrocutions between 1990 and 2003, and none were from lightning.
Is it dangerous to swim during lightning?
A: Swimming during a thunderstorm is one of the most dangerous things you can do. Lightning regularly strikes water, and since water conducts electricity, a nearby lightning strike could kill or injure you. To be really safe, you should not swim in an indoor pool when lightning is around.
Do umbrellas attract lightning?
There is nothing about an umbrella that makes it an “attractor” of lightning. Metal doesn’t necessarily attract lightning but it is certainly a good conductor of it electricity, which means that your location and timing during an electrical storm are key factors to consider.
Is it safe to sit on the toilet during a thunderstorm?
Is it safe to take a shower or bath during a lightning storm? No. Lightning can travel through plumbing. It is best to avoid all water during a lightning storm.
Is it dangerous to hold an umbrella in a thunderstorm?
Using an umbrella in a thunderstorm slightly increases your odds of being struck. If your hair stands on end during a storm, that’s a bad sign. It means positive charge is building up around you and your chances of being struck are extremely high.
What should you not do during a lightning storm?
- Avoid water. Do NOT bathe, shower, wash dishes, or have any other contact with water during a thunderstorm because lightning can travel through a building’s plumbing.
- Avoid electronic equipment.
- Avoid corded phones.
- Avoid windows, doors, porches, and concrete.
Has anyone died from showering during thunderstorm?
“Ron Holle, a former meteorologist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration who tracks lightning injuries, estimates that 10 to 20 people in the US are shocked annually while bathing, using taps or handling appliances during storms.” Of 240 people struck by lightning in the US in 2012, 28 were killed.
Do cell phones attract lightning?
“Cell phones, small metal items, jewelry, etc., do not attract lightning. Nothing attracts lightning. Lightning tends to strike taller objects,” said John Jensenius, a NOAA National Weather Service lightning expert. “People are struck because they are in the wrong place at the wrong time.
Is it safe to sleep in a tent during a thunderstorm?
Unfortunately, tent safety during a thunderstorm in the backcountry can be extremely challenging. If the tent stands higher than nearby objects or is under a tree, you could be at an increased risk of being struck by lightning or suffering exposure to sideflash or ground current—all which can be deadly.
Are you safe in a car during a lightning storm?
Cars are safe from lightning because of the metal cage surrounding the people inside the vehicle. Once inside a car, don’t touch any metal and pull off the road until the storm passes. A good rule of thumb is to keep your hands in your lap until the storm passes.
Is it safe to be in a forest during a thunderstorm?
Avoid hilltops, open fields and locations that serve as natural lightning rods, such as a tall, isolated tree in an open area. You never want to be the tallest object in the area or be near to the tallest object in an area. It’s important to note that there’s no safe place outdoors during a thunderstorm.
Should I put a tarp under my tent?
Putting some sort of ground cover or tarp under your tent is essential for the durability of your tent and to keep it warm and dry. If the tarp extends too far, even dew will run down the tent walls and collect under your tent. When camping at the beach, don’t put a tarp under the tent, but rather inside the tent.
Why does my tent get wet inside?
What causes condensation in tents? Air temperature in the tent can become warm and humid from people, heaters, and a lack of ventilation. When the warm air inside the tent hits the relatively cool fabric of the tent, the moisture condenses into liquid form.
How thick should a tarp be under a tent?
No matter what thickness you settle on, a 10 x 10 tarp should be about perfect for under a tent because the finished size is always a few inches short on each side, which will keep it from extending beyond your footprint.
What should you not bring camping?
After encountering a lot of campers with some ridiculous items, I thought it was time to write this list.
- An Axe or Saw.
- Lots of Toys.
- Perfumes and Deodorants.
- All Those Extra Toiletries.
- Glass or Ceramic Items.
- Anything that You Can’t (Or Don’t Want t0) Carry Out.
What is the best thing to sleep on when camping?
Seven Things You Need to Sleep Better at Camp
- Sleeping Pad. I recommend a Thermarest Z Lite Mattress to most people starting out, but there are more comfortable pads out there.
- Sleeping Bag.
- Base Layers and Thick Socks.
- A Good Podcast.
- Ear Plugs.
- Bonus: a Tent with Enough Space for Everyone.
What to wear to sleep while camping?
Wear dry clothing. A good sleepwear choice while camping is clean long underwear, top and bottoms, plus clean socks. Avoid overdressing before you hop into your bag. Wearing bulky clothing inside a bag can actually reduce the bag’s ability to efficiently trap body heat.
What food do you bring camping?
The Camping Food List
- Eggs. Scramble them, fry them, or hard boil them: Eggs can do the heavy lifting in a dish (like breakfast tacos) or be added to something else.
- A touch of sweet in your diet is so much better coming from an apple than from something made with refined sugar.