What precautions must you take to enter a contaminated area?
What precautions must you take to enter a contaminated area?
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
- Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
- Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
- Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
- Sterile instruments and devices.
What is required on any container or bag containing materials contaminated with blood?
Mouth pipetting/suctioning of blood or other potentially infectious materials is prohibited. Specimens of blood or other potentially infectious materials shall be placed in a container which prevents leakage during collection, handling, processing, storage, transport, or shipping.
What types of protective clothing should be worn during material handling?
Types of Protective Gloves
- Leather, Canvas or Metal Mesh Gloves: These types of gloves protect against cuts, burns and punctures.
- Fabric and Coated Fabric Gloves: These types of gloves are made of cotton or other fabric.
- Insulating rubber gloves: These gloves are used for protection against electrical hazards.
Which PPE must be used when handling chemicals?
Standard lab PPE includes a lab coat, safety glasses, and gloves such as powder-free SafeSkin, N-dex, or NeoPro, and closed shoes. Due to possible chemical exposure to legs, all workers handling hazardous materials should wear pants or the equivalent.
What PPE should the healthcare provider use to clean up the waste?
Wear the proper personal protective equipment. Utility gloves and face protection are important, as well as a fluid-resistant gown if splashing is possible. Contain the spill.
What infections require airborne precautions?
Airborne precautions are required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Is Covid 19 airborne or droplet precautions?
Current WHO guidance for healthcare workers caring for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients recommends the use of contact and droplet precautions in addition to standard precautions (unless an aerosol generated procedure is being performed, in which case airborne precautions are needed)1.
When the person has airborne precautions you do not need to wear a mask when?
Healthcare personnel transporting patients who are on Airborne Precautions do not need to wear a mask or respirator during transport if the patient is wearing a mask and infectious skin lesions are covered.
Do you wear a gown for airborne precautions?
A gown, gloves and respirator are required if you are treating a patient in airborne precautions.
What is the difference between standard precautions and transmission-based isolation techniques?
What is the difference between standard precautions and transmission-based isolation techniques? Standard precautions are used on all patients, but transmission-based isolation precautions are used to provide extra protection against specific pathogens or diseases to prevent their spread.
What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
The most important way to reduce the spread of infections is hand washing – frequently wash hands with soap and water, if unavailable use alcohol-based hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol). Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that have one, when available.
Are most viruses airborne?
Airborne viruses are small enough to essentially become aerosolized. An infected individual can emit them through a cough, sneeze, breathing, and talking. In general, most airborne viruses are pretty unstable once they leave the body of their host.
What diseases are spread through direct contact?
Direct Contact Diseases
- Conjunctivitis (Pink-eye)
- Creutzfeldt-Jacob (CJD)
- Ebola Virus Disease.
- Erythema Infectiosum (Fifth disease)
- Pediculosis (Head lice)
What are the 4 types of disease transmission?
The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host. This can occur, for example, through ingestion, breathing, or skin puncture.
Which can be transmitted directly from one person to another?
Communicable (also known as infectious or transmissible) diseases are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another.
What is the most effective way to break the chain of infection and prevent disease?
Break the chain by cleaning your hands frequently, staying up to date on your vaccines (including the flu shot), covering coughs and sneezes and staying home when sick, following the rules for standard and contact isolation, using personal protective equipment the right way, cleaning and disinfecting the environment.
Which is the most effective way to break the chain of infection quizlet?
One of the most effective ways to break the chain of infection is hand washing.
How does hand washing break the chain of infection?
Washing your hands with soap and running water loosens, dilutes and flushes off dirt and germs. It’s very important to remember to dry your hands completely after washing. Damp hands pick up and transfer up to 1000 times more bacteria than dry hands.
What is the main route to spread infection?
The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.
Is dust a main route to spread infection?
“It’s really shocking to most virologists and epidemiologists that airborne dust, rather than expiratory droplets, can carry influenza virus capable of infecting animals,” said Professor William Ristenpart of the UC Davis Department of Chemical Engineering, who helped lead the research.
What are the phases of infection?
The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2).