What was happening in Germany in the 1870s?

What was happening in Germany in the 1870s?

In adjusting to the depression of the 1870s, Germany’s leaders chose to return to a regulated economy after a generation of increasingly free trade. The hallmark of the new age was concentration; Germany became the land of big industry, big agriculture, big banks, and big government.

What was Germany called in 1870?

German Empire, also called Second Reich, historical empire founded on January 18, 1871, in the wake of three short, successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Within a seven-year span, Denmark, the Habsburg monarchy, and France had been vanquished.

Did the German Empire have a Constitution?

The Constitution of the German Empire (German: Verfassung des Deutschen Reiches) was the basic law of the German Empire of 1871-1918, from 16 April 1871, coming into effect on 4 May 1871. German historians often refer to it as Bismarck’s imperial constitution, in German the Bismarcksche Reichsverfassung (BRV).

How did the German Empire emerge in 1871?

The German Empire, 1871–1914 The German Empire was founded on January 18, 1871, in the aftermath of three successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Within a seven-year period Denmark, the Habsburg monarchy, and France were vanquished in short, decisive conflicts.

What was the first Reich called?

The concept of such a succession of “Reichs” had its origin just 10 years before Hitler’s rise to power, however, and those living in the retroactively named “First Reich” (the Holy Roman Empire) or “Second Reich” (the German Empire) would not have recognized the validity of such an appellation.

What was the 2st Reich?

The history of the nation-state known as the German Reich is commonly divided into three periods: German Empire (1871–1918) Weimar Republic (1918–1933) Nazi Germany (1933–1945)…German Reich.

Occupation Ostgebiete 1945–1949/1952
Modern history since 1990

What does the term good German mean?

Good Germans is an ironic term — usually placed between single quotes such as ‘Good Germans’ — referring to German citizens during and after World War II who claimed not to have supported the Nazi regime, but remained silent and did not resist in a meaningful way.

Why did Spain not join the Axis?

Much of the reason for Spanish reluctance to join the war was due to Spain’s reliance on imports from the United States. Spain was still recovering from its civil war and Franco knew his armed forces would not be able to defend the Canary Islands and Spanish Morocco from a British attack.

What side was Spain on in WWII?

Once World War II broke out, Spain, like Italy, declared neutrality. As soon as Italy declared war on June 10, 1940, Spain declared non- belligerency, which meant, in practice, supporting the Axis countries.

Why did Switzerland not join ww2?

During World War I and World War II, Switzerland maintained armed neutrality, and was not invaded by its neighbors, in part because it is surrounded by mountains.

Why is Spain always neutral?

Spain was the most self-sufficient European neutral in terms of minerals and foodstuffs. Moreover, its geographically strategic position between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean increased Spain’s importance for belligerent communications and transit-trade.

How did Spain stay neutral in both world wars?

Political. The Spanish prime minister, Eduardo Dato, a Conservative, declared neutrality by Royal Decree on 7 August 1914: The upper classes (the aristocracy and the rich bourgeoisie), the Catholic Church and the Spanish Army generally favoured the Central Powers, usually identified with Germany.

Which countries were neutral in ww2?

Neutrality during World War II Many countries made neutrality declarations during World War II. However, of the European states closest to the war, only Andorra, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland (with Liechtenstein), and Vatican (the Holy See) remained neutral to the end.

What happened to Spain after ww1?

In the cities the atmosphere was explosive. While around a million and a half to two million people had left Spain entirely between 1900 and 1914, after the war had begun migration was reoriented to a movement from rural areas to the country’s cities.

When was Spain established?


When did Spain return to democracy?

Spanish transition to democracy

• Established 1975
• Disestablished 1981
ISO 3166 code ES
Preceded by Succeeded by Francoist Spain Spain

What was the last war Spain was in?

On March 28, 1939, the Republicans finally surrendered Madrid, bringing the Spanish Civil War to an end. Up to a million lives were lost in the conflict, the most devastating in Spanish history. Franco subsequently served as dictator of Spain until his death in 1975.

Has Spain lost a war?

The Franco-Spanish War (1635–59) ended in defeat. During the Nine Years’ War, Spain also lost Catalonia to France but it was restored to the kingdom in 1697 with the treaty of Ryswick.

When did Spain lose Morocco?

How did the Rif War start? Tension between colonial Spanish forces and Rif peoples in northern Morocco culminated in a series of guerrilla attacks led by Berber leader Abd el-Krim on Spanish fortifications in June–July 1921. Within weeks, Spain lost all of its territory in the region.

Has Spain ever been conquered?

The Visigothic Kingdom conquered all of Hispania and ruled it until the early 8th century, when the peninsula fell to the Muslim conquests. After a period of Muslim dominance, the medieval history of Spain is dominated by the long Christian Reconquista or “reconquest” of the Iberian Peninsula from Muslim rule.

What is the old name of Spain?


What was Spain called before Spain?


How did Spain rise to power?

The Spanish Empire in the Americas was formed after conquering indigenous empires and claiming large stretches of land, beginning with Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean Islands. The structure of governance of its overseas empire was significantly reformed in the late 18th century by the Bourbon monarchs.

When did Spain stop being a world power?

Through exploration and conquest, Spain became a world power in the 16th century, and maintained a vast overseas empire until the 19th century. Its modern history was marked by the bitter civil war of 1936-39, and the ensuing decades-long dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

Who colonized Mexico first?

Hernán Cortés led a new expedition to Mexico landing ashore at present day Veracruz on 22 April 1519, a date which marks the beginning of 300 years of Spanish hegemony over the region. In general the ‘Spanish conquest of Mexico’ denotes the conquest of the central region of Mesoamerica where the Aztec Empire was based.

Why did Spanish colonies fail?

Attack-by-rival became another cause of failed colonies. The Spanish massacred the French Huguenots near Florida in 1565 and sent spies to Jamestown in 1613 to determine if eradicating the fledgling colony was its best move.