How did the Greeks define democracy?
How did the Greeks define democracy?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Who created the word democracy?
The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.
Does Greece have a democracy?
Greece is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the President of Greece is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Greece is the head of government within a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Hellenic Parliament.
What type of democracy was ancient Greece?
Athenian democracy was a direct democracy made up of three important institutions. The first was the ekklesia, or Assembly, the sovereign governing body of Athens.
What are the 3 principles of democracy?
One theory holds that democracy requires three fundamental principles: upward control (sovereignty residing at the lowest levels of authority), political equality, and social norms by which individuals and institutions only consider acceptable acts that reflect the first two principles of upward control and political …
What are 5 basic concepts of democracy?
Recognition of the fundamental worth and dignity of every person; 2. Respect for the equality of all persons 3. Faith in majority rule and an insistence upon minority rights 4. Acceptance of the necessity of compromise; and 5.
What are the basic principles of democracy Class 10?
What are the main principles of democracy?
- One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all political power.
- In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-governance.
- In a democracy, due respect is given to diverse groups and views that exist in a society.
- Everyone has a voice in the shaping up of public policies.
What is the basic principle of democracy answer in short?
Democracy is a system of rule by laws, not individuals. In a democracy, the rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order, and limits the power of government. All citizens are equal under the law. No one may be discriminated against on the basis of their race, religion, ethnic group, or gender.
What is the fundamental principle of democracy *?
What is concept of democracy?
Democracy is government in which power and civic responsibility are exercised by all adult citi- zens, directly, or through their freely elected rep- resentatives. Democracy rests upon the principles of majority rule and individual rights. Fair, frequent, and well-managed elections are essential in a democracy.
What are the three merits and demerits of democracy?
Answer Expert Verified 1) a democratic government is better form of government because it is more accountable form of government. 2) democracy improves the quality of decision making. 3) democracy enhances the dignity of citizens. 4) poor and least educated has the same status as the rich and educated….
What are the five merits of democracy?
Merits of democracy:
- A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government.
- Democracy improves the quality of Decision Making.
- Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts.
- Democracy allows people to correct their own mistakes.
What are main features of democracy?
Some of the major features of a democracy are:
- The final decision making power rests with those elected by the people.
- It must be based on a free and fair election.
- Each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value.
- It should rule within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights.
What are the demerits of democracy Class 9?
Demerits of democracy
- Leaders keep changing in a democracy leading to instability.
- Democracy is all about political competition and power play, leaving no scope for morality.
- Many people have to be consulted in a democracy that leads to delays.
- Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people, resulting in bad decisions.
What is the main demerit of democracy?
A slow and inefficient government. The most common demerit of democracy is that its functioning is slow. The decision-making process involves lengthy debates and deliberations in Parliament. It takes a long time before decisions are made.
What are the three arguments against democracy?
- Leaders keep changing in a democracy. This leads to political instability.
- Democracy is all about political competition and power play. There is no scope for morality.
- So many people have to be consulted in a democracy.It leads to political instability.
What are the argument against democracy?
Following are three arguements against democracy are: Change in leaders from time to time (elections) can bring about instability in the government. There is a consumption of excessive time for taking decisions because of consultation to many people, which leads to delays.
What are the five arguments against democracy?
Arguments against democracy are listed below….Answer:
- Changes in leaders contribute to instability.
- Just political conflict, no place for morality.
- Consulting more individuals contributes to delays.
- Ordinary people are unaware of what’s good for them.
- Contributes to corruption.
Why did Plato criticize democracy?
Plato rejected Athenian democracy on the basis that such democracies were anarchic societies without internal unity, that they followed citizens’ impulses rather than pursuing the common good, that democracies are unable to allow a sufficient number of their citizens to have their voices heard, and that such …
What Plato thinks about democracy?
The democratic man takes great interest in all the things he can buy with his money. Plato believes that the democratic man is more concerned with his money over how he can help the people. He does whatever he wants whenever he wants to do it. His life has no order or priority.