How do terrorists use the Internet?

How do terrorists use the Internet?

Those uses are numerous and, from the terrorists’ perspective, invaluable. There are eight different ways in which contemporary terrorists use the Internet, rang- ing from psychological warfare and propaganda to highly instrumental uses such as fundraising, recruitment, data mining, and coordination of actions.

What are some of the weapons used by terrorists to further their objectives?

Terrorists use both explosive bombings and incendiary bombings (e.g. Molotov cocktails). They also make use of letter and parcel bombs. Terrorists use guns, pistols, revolvers, rifles and (semi-) automatic weapons in assassinations, sniping, armed attacks and massacres.

What motivates groups or individuals to engage in acts of terrorism?

Perceived injustice, religion, identity, belonging, political activity, heroism and autonomy can be seen as strong influence, real causes and psychological motivation for an individual joining and staying with the terrorist groups.

What are the causes of international terrorism?

Scholars have categorized motivations for terrorism to include psychological, ideological, and strategic. Those who engage in terrorism may do so for purely personal reasons, based on their own psychological state of mind. Their motivation may be nothing more than hate or the desire for power.

What are the 3 types of terrorism?

In general, research shows that there are three basic forms of terrorism – international terrorism, domestic terrorism and transnational terrorism (Staiger et al. 2008; Hough 2007). However, each basic form is also comprised of other sub-types that largely inform their basis.

What is the cause and effect of terrorism?

Terrorist acts can cause ripple effects through the economy that have negative impacts. The most obvious is the direct economic destruction of property and lives. Terrorism indirectly affects the economy by creating market uncertainty, xenophobia, loss of tourism, and increased insurance claims.

What are two causes of terrorism?

Thus, the causes of terrorism suggested include “poverty,” “inequality,” “globalization,” “technology,” “energy,” “oil,” “Islam,” “Islamic fundamentalism,” and “psychopathy,” among others. There are also widespread challenges to each of these causes on both scientific and ideological grounds.

What are the problems caused by terrorism?

The most immediate and measurable impact of terrorism is physical destruction. Terrorists destroy existing plants, machines, transportation systems and other economic resources. On smaller scales, acts of terrorism may blow up different public places, markets or religious places.

What is the main aim of terrorism?

The goal of terrorism generally is to destroy the public’s sense of security in the places most familiar to them. Major targets sometimes also include buildings or other locations that are important economic or political symbols, such as embassies or military installations.

Who is most affected by terrorism?

Global terrorism index 2020, top 50 countries

Index from 0 (no impact of terrorism) to 10 (highest impact of terrorism)
Iraq 8.68
Nigeria 8.31
Syria 7.78
Somalia 7.65

Which is the best definition of terrorism?

rather than for “mere personal monetary gain. FBI definition of terrorism: The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a Government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.

What are the three steps of terrorism financing?

The terrorism financing process typically involves three stages:

  • raising funds (such as through donations, self-funding or criminal activity)
  • transferring funds (to a terrorist network, organisation or cell)

Which countries support terrorism?

Countries currently on the list

  • Cuba.
  • Iran.
  • North Korea.
  • Syria.
  • Iraq.
  • Libya.
  • South Yemen.
  • Sudan.

How do terrorists get funding?

Financing terror There are three stages of terrorist financing: fund-raising, fund-moving and fund-using. They can use banks or other means to move the money.

What are the funds of terrorism?

Sources of terrorist funding include, but are not limited to, low-level fraud, kidnapping for ransom, the misuse of non-profit organizations, the illicit trade in commodities (such as oil, charcoal, diamonds, gold and the narcotic “captagon”), and digital currencies.

How does ISIS earn?

ISIL extracts wealth through taxation and extortion. Regarding taxation, Christians and foreigners are at times required to pay a tax known as jizya.

Who is ISIS funded by?

Julian Assange claimed in an interview that Hillary Clinton’s Clinton Foundation and ISIL both receive funding from the same sources in the Middle East, namely the government of Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

How does Al Shabaab make money?

Acting as a quasi-government, al-Shabab is the only entity in the country which collects revenue in rural areas. It sets levies on livestock, on crops, even on the use of water resources.

Is Al Shabaab still active?

Al-Shabaab’s troop strength was estimated at 7,000 to 9,000 militants in 2014. As of 2015, the group has retreated from the major cities; however, al-Shabaab still controls large parts of the rural areas.

What diseases are in Somalia?

Disease surveillance and control: The common causes of morbidity and mor- tality are: 1) diarrhoeal diseases, includ- ing cholera; 2) Tuberculosis; 3) malaria, which affects mainly pregnant women and children under five; and 4) measles. There have been no confirmed polio cases in Somalia since 2002.

Is Somalia an Islamic state?

Most residents of Somalia are Muslims, of which some sources state that Sunnism is the strand practised by 90% of the population, whereof in particular the Shafi’i school of Islamic jurisprudence is practiced.

How did Islam get to Somalia?

Islam was introduced to the northern Somali coast early on from the Arabian peninsula, shortly after the hijra. Lewis, the polity was governed by local Somali dynasties, who also ruled over the similarly-established Sultanate of Mogadishu in the littoral Benadir region to the south.

What was Somalia religion before Islam?

The Somali people in pre-Islamic times are believed to have adhered to a complex henotheistic belief system, with a set of deities superseded by a single all-powerful figure called Eebbe/waaqale (God, also known in Oromo as Waaq).

What is the largest tribe in Somalia?

According to this UN Research, Hawiye is the biggest tribe in Somalia.

Are Somalis tall?

The men are generally six feet in height, and all have the most regular white teeth. The Somali are generally tall and well made, with a very dark smooth skin; their features express great intelligence and anima- tion, and are of a Grecian type, with thin lips and aquiline noses ; their hair is long, and very thick.

Is Somali Arab or African?

Somalis (Somali: Soomaalida or ????????) are an East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Africa who share a common ancestry, culture and history.

Is Somali Arab country?

Malta, an island country in Southern Europe whose national language also derives from Arabic (through Sicilian Arabic), is not included in the region….Arab League states.

Country Somalia
Area (Notes) Longest Coastline in Africa and the Arab League.
Population (2018) /td>
Pop (World rank) 80
Density (rank) 18

How old is Somalia?

9000 years

Is Pakistan an Arab country?

It usually includes the Arab countries from Egypt east to the Persian Gulf, plus Israel and Iran. Turkey is sometimes considered part of the Middle East, sometimes part of Europe. Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh are usually described as South Asia.

What is the first language of Somalia?

Somali is the official language of Somalia and as the mother tongue of the Somali people, is also its endoglossic language. It is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family, and its nearest relatives are the Afar and Saho languages.

What causes terrorism?

What is the law on terrorism?

83.18 (1) Every person who knowingly participates in or contributes to, directly or indirectly, any activity of a terrorist group for the purpose of enhancing the ability of any terrorist group to facilitate or carry out a terrorist activity is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of …

Is terrorism a felony?

Threatening terrorism against the United States is a class C felony punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment under 18 U.S.C. § 2332b(c)(1)(g).

What is the purpose of Anti Terrorism Act?

– It is declared a policy of the State to protect life, liberty, and property from terrorism, to condemn terrorism as inimical and dangerous to the national security of the country and to the welfare of the people, and to make terrorism a crime against the Filipino people, against humanity, and against The Law of …

Who proposed anti terrorism bill?

Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020
Bill introduced in the House of Representatives of the Philippines Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020
Bill citation House Bill No. 6875
Bill published on May 30, 2020
Introduced by Narciso Bravo Jr. (Masbate–1st), Raul Tupas (Iloilo–5th), et. al.

What are the three main types of terrorism?

What are the six categories of terrorism?

Terrorist tactics There are six basic types of tactics that terrorist groups have used: hijackings, kidnappings, bombings, assassinations, armed assaults, and barricade-hostage incidents. A group’s objectives and organizational capabilities dictate which tactics it uses.

What are the four types of terrorism?

A typology of terrorism, again by Gurr (1989), is popular: (a) vigilante terrorism, (b) insurgent terrorism, (c) transnational (or international) terrorism, and (d) state terrorism. Table 16.3 “Types of Terrorism” summarizes these four types. Violence committed by private citizens against other private citizens.

Is terrorism a crime?

Legislation declaring terrorism a crime has been adopted in many states. When terrorism is perpetrated by nation states, it is not considered terrorism by the state conducting it, making legality a largely grey-area issue. There is no consensus as to whether or not terrorism should be regarded as a war crime.

What types of terrorism exist?

One popular typology identifies three broad classes of terrorism: revolutionary, subrevolutionary, and establishment. Although this typology has been criticized as inexhaustive, it provides a useful framework for understanding and evaluating terrorist activities.

What are the two types of terrorism that exist?

Law enforcement generally recognizes two types of terrorism: domestic and international. Domestic terrorism is based and executed in the United States by our own citizens without foreign direction. International terrorism, which is connected to foreign governments or groups, transcends our nation’s boundaries.

What is ideological terrorism?

Terrorist ideologies tend to provide a set of beliefs that justify and mandate certain behaviors. Those beliefs are regarded as absolute, and the behaviors are seen as serving a meaningful cause. • Not all extremist ideologies promote violence, nor are all extremists violent.

What is a domestic threat?

Under the 2001 USA Patriot Act, domestic terrorism is defined as “activities that (A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the U.S. or of any state; (B) appear to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by …

What are some examples of domestic terrorism?


  • Anti-abortion violence.
  • Eco-terrorism.
  • Racialized lynching terror.
  • Right-wing extremist.
  • Alpha 66 and Omega 7.
  • Animal Liberation Front.
  • Army of God.
  • Aryan Nations.

What is the difference between extremism and terrorism?

Extremism has tended to refer to both violent and non-violent forms of political expression, whereas terrorism is predominantly violent.

What are the terrorism threat levels us?

The United States Homeland Security Advisory System Threat Level is currently at yellow (“elevated”), indicating a “significant risk of terrorist attacks”. New York City is currently at orange (“high”), indicating there is a high risk of terrorist attacks.

How many threat levels are there?

five levels

What color is the threat level today?


What is a Level 1 threat?

LEVEL 1 THREAT Definition: Disruptive behavior – suspicious or threatening.

How many levels exist in the Homeland Security Advisory System?

Inspired by the success of the forest fire color system, the scale consists of five color-coded threat levels, which were intended to reflect the probability of a terrorist attack and its potential gravity.

What is the meaning of orange color in state of affairs?

Here are the new meanings: Yellow = Guarded – “A constant state of vigilance to protect against a terrorist attack.” Orange = Elevated – “Increased protective measures based on specific threat information regarding a known or suspected terrorist plot.”

What is the color that represents change?


What are state affairs?

The state of affairs is the combination of circumstances applying within a society or group at a particular time. The current state of affairs may be considered acceptable by many observers, but not necessarily by all. The state of affairs may present a challenge, or be complicated, or contain a conflict of interest.

What is the color for humble?

Brown is symbolic of the earth and was often the color of a monk’s robe, signifying humility and God’s connection with the commonplace and the ordinary. Blue signifies the blue skies or the life-giving air and often signifies hope or good health.