What changes did the Spanish conquest of South America bring?

What changes did the Spanish conquest of South America bring?

The Europeans brought with them smallpox, measles, diphtheria, trachoma, whooping cough, chicken pox, bubonic plague (carried by fleas, which were carried by European rats), malaria, typhoid fever, cholera, yellow fever, dengue fever, scarlet fever, amebic dysentery, influenza, and a number of worm infections (Figure 3 …

How did conquest by the Spanish change life for native peoples?

Question # 4 How did conquest by the Spanish change life for native peoples? Answer # 4 The native peoples lost their traditional way of life. Many native people became slaves. He persuaded Spain to pass laws under which native peoples had to be paid.

How were the Spanish conquest of the New World and the Golden Age of Spanish culture related?

The Spanish conquest of the New World and the Golden Age of Spanish culture were related in that the conquest of the New World allowed the Spanish monarchy to have new and vast territories in the Americas, where Spaniards could exploit the raw materials and natural resources to the benefit of the Spanish Crown.

What was Spain searching for in the new world?

Inspired by tales of rivers of gold and timid, malleable native peoples, later Spanish explorers were relentless in their quest for land and gold. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores.

How did the Spanish justify their conquest of America?

Spain proffered three arguments to justify their seizure of the American continents and their subjugation of the native inhabitants: papal donation, discovery, and conquest. This papal donation was a significant argument for title so long as the Catholic Church remained the only spiritual authority in Europe.

What’s the difference between conquest and colonization?

Conquest is the establishment of political authority by force of arms involving the defeat of established rulership. Colonization is the action or process of settling in an area, or among an indigenous people, and establishing control over one or both.

What is the difference between conquered and colonized?

CONQUEST IS THE TAKING possession of a territory by force; colonization is the placement into a territory of settlers who are politically, economically, and militarily connected to their parent state.

What country did Spain colonize first?

In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.

Which country was colonized the longest?

If you allow “Pre Columbus colonies” these are the longest colonized areas. If you do not, in 1498 Portugal established colonies in Mozambique. Portuguese rule there lasted to 1975 as well, so Mozambique would have the longest stretch as a colony, if we use 1492 as the cutoff date.

Why was Japan never colonized?

Thanks! Japan has very few natural resources that would have been desirable to western powers at the time. They were also very receptive to western help during the Meiji restoration. They used their wealth to hire Europeans and Americans, rather than submit to being colonized.

Who colonized Japan?

Japan’s first encounter with Western colonialism was with Portugal in the mid-sixteenth century. The Portuguese brought Catholicism and the new technology of gun and gunpowder into Japan. The latter changed the way samurai rulers fought wars, and accelerated the process of national unification.

Did Europe know about Japan?

Portugese traders visited japan for the first time in 1542. This was the first time european traders came in direct contact with japan, followed not that much later by Dutch traders. We have to assume that they knew about Japan before their first visit, even Colombus didn’t sail into the unknow.

Why didn’t Japan retaliate after Hiroshima?

By the time the bombs were dropped they had run out of fuel, food, steel, and you name it. Japan had no Navy left, no fuel for their planes, no skilled pilots left, no ability to fight back at all. They could no longer take the fight to the enemy.

What would happen if Japan never surrendered?

Originally Answered: What would the US have done if the Japanese had not surrendered? The US would have continued to bomb Japanese cities. There was a third atomic bomb being readied at Tinian, and conventional bombing had been very effective. The US invasion was tentatively set for November 1st.

Why did Japanese soldiers not surrender?

Kamikaze. It was a war without mercy, and the US Office of War Information acknowledged as much in 1945. It noted that the unwillingness of Allied troops to take prisoners in the Pacific theatre had made it difficult for Japanese soldiers to surrender.

Did Japanese soldiers eat prisoners?

JAPANESE troops practised cannibalism on enemy soldiers and civilians in the last war, sometimes cutting flesh from living captives, according to documents discovered by a Japanese academic in Australia. He has also found some evidence of cannibalism in the Philippines.