What Greek word means city?
What Greek word means city?
What does Agora mean?
Agora, in ancient Greek cities, an open space that served as a meeting ground for various activities of the citizens. The name, first found in the works of Homer, connotes both the assembly of the people as well as the physical setting.
What would you hear in an Agora?
The term agora (pronounced ah-go-RAH) is Greek for ‘open place of assembly’ and, early in the history of Greece, designated the area in a city where free-born citizens could gather to hear civic announcements, muster for military campaigns, or discuss politics.
What was sold at the Agora?
Athenians bought and sold goods at a huge marketplace called the agora. There, merchants sold their goods from small stands. People bought lettuce, onions, olive oil, wine, and other foods. They could also buy household items like pottery, furniture, and clay oil lamps.
Who destroyed the city of Troy?
Did Sparta and Athens fight?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.
Why didnt Sparta burn Athens?
For several reasons. First of all, as Sparta claimed, they spared them because of their great contribution during the Persian wars. In those wars Athens was one of the leaders of the coaliation and its men and ships helped won several battles that saved the Greek city-states, most notably Marathon and Salamis.
What caused the fall of Athens?
Although Athens was enjoying a golden age while led by Pericles, this soon came to an end and thus began the fall of Athens. That fall began in 431 B.C.E. when the 27 year long Peloponnesian War began. Both Athens and Sparta longed for dominance, and in May of 431 B.C.E., war broke out between them.
Who won Athens or Sparta?
Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
What is bad about Sparta?
Spartans were renowned for their devotion to physical fitness and proper diet, and they reserved a special loathing for overweight citizens, who were publicly ridiculed and risked being banished from the city-state.
Who has a stronger navy Athens or Sparta?
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
What did Spartans value most?
The Spartans valued discipline, obedience, and courage above all else. Spartan men learned these values at an early age, when they were trained to be soldiers.
What is Sparta and Athens?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many. In 431 BCE a war broke out between Athens and Sparta.
What is the difference between Spartan and Athenian education?
They were taught physical education, which included wrestling, gymnastics, and combat skills. Spartans believed that healthy women would produce healthy babies. The main purpose of education in Ancient Athens was to make citizens trained in the arts, and to prepare them for both peace and war.
What are 3 differences between Sparta and Athens?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering.
What are the main similarities and differences between Sparta and Athens?
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.
How was the education of boys and girls different in Athenian society?
How were the youth of Athens educated? Girls were educated in the home and the only “well-educated” women were trained as “hetarae” which were like Greek geishas. Boys were much more educated than girls. They had physical education where they learned sports and gymnastics.
How does Pericles define Athenian democracy?
Pericles describes Athenian democracy as a system of government where men advance on merit rather than on class or wealth. In a democracy, “class considerations [are not] allowed to interfere with merit” – any man capable enough to rule is allowed to do so.