# What is a well-tested explanation that explains a lot of observations?

## What is a well-tested explanation that explains a lot of observations?

In science, the word “theory” applies to a well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations and hypotheses and that enables scientists to make accurate predictions about new situations.

### What is a scientific explanation for a set of observations that can be tested?

A hypothesis is a tentative explanation for an observation. A scientific theory is a well-tested and consistently verified explanation for a set of observations or phenomena.

#### What is a set of well-tested hypothesis or principle that explains observations?

A scientific theory is a well-tested and consistently verified explanation for a set of observations or phenomena. A scientific law is a description, often in the form of a mathematical formula, of the behavior of an aspect of nature under certain circumstances.

Is a hypothesis an observation?

Help students recognize that identifying a hypothesis in an article tells you something about how to think about that statement more critically. Because it isn’t an observation, the reader needs to investigate whether or not the hypothesis was supported by observations.

What is an example of a directional hypothesis?

Directional hypothesis: A directional (or one tailed hypothesis) states which way you think the results are going to go, for example in an experimental study we might say…”Participants who have been deprived of sleep for 24 hours will have more cold symptoms in the following week after exposure to a virus than …

## Why must a hypothesis be falsifiable?

Falsifiability is the capacity for some proposition, statement, theory or hypothesis to be proven wrong. That capacity is an essential component of the scientific method and hypothesis testing. The requirement of falsifiability means that conclusions cannot be drawn from simple observation of a particular phenomenon.

### What are three ways to test a hypothesis?

How to Test Hypotheses

1. State the hypotheses. Every hypothesis test requires the analyst to state a null hypothesis and an alternative hypothesis.
2. Formulate an analysis plan. The analysis plan describes how to use sample data to accept or reject the null hypothesis.
3. Analyze sample data.
4. Interpret the results.

#### What should you do if your hypothesis is incorrect?

1. 1 Record Actual Results. When a hypothesis is disproven, that does not indicate a failed experiment.
2. 2 Explain What Was Wrong. Make a list of everything that was wrong with the hypothesis.
3. 3 Additional Information. Write down the information that was discovered from the experiment.
4. 4 New Hypothesis.

What is the primary difference between a hypothesis and a theory?

In scientific reasoning, a hypothesis is an assumption made before any research has been completed for the sake of testing. A theory on the other hand is a principle set to explain phenomena already supported by data.

Which of the following best differentiates a theory from a hypothesis?

Hypotheses must be testable and falsifiable. The best statement, which distinguishes hypotheses from theories in science is “Hypotheses usually are relatively narrow in scope; theories have broad explanatory power.”

## What do hypothesis and theory have in common?

In science, a theory is a tested, well-substantiated, unifying explanation for a set of verified, proven factors. A theory is always backed by evidence; a hypothesis is only a suggested possible outcome, and is testable and falsifiable.

### What makes a hypothesis a theory?

In other words, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, a hypothesis is an idea that hasn’t been proven yet. If enough evidence accumulates to support a hypothesis, it moves to the next step — known as a theory — in the scientific method and becomes accepted as a valid explanation of a phenomenon.

#### What are examples of theory?

A scientific theory is a broad explanation that is widely accepted because it is supported by a great deal of evidence. Examples of theories in physical science include Dalton’s atomic theory, Einstein’s theory of gravity, and the kinetic theory of matter.

Why do we use theory in research?

Theories are usually used to help design a research question, guide the selection of relevant data, interpret the data, and propose explanations of the underlying causes or influences of observed phenomena.

What practical steps can you take before you start your research?

What practical steps can you take before you actually start your research? a) Find out exactly what your institution’s requirements are for a dissertation. b) Make sure you are familiar with the hardware and software you plan to use. c) Apply for clearance of your project through an ethics committee.

## Which of the following is not a major method of data collection?

Which of the following is not a major method of data collection? Answer: c Page 8 22.