What is an infinitive used as an adjective?

What is an infinitive used as an adjective?

Adjectival infinitives Just like a single-word adjective, an infinitive used as an adjective always describes a noun. An adjectival infinitive always follows the noun it describes. EXAMPLE. Like gerunds and participles, infinitives may incorporate other words as part of their phrase.

Which sentence uses an infinitive as an adverb?

The correct answer is D) We met after school to study for the big math test next week. The infinitive here is the phrase ‘to study,’ and it functions as an adverb in this sentence.

Which sentence uses an infinitive as a noun?

Phil wanted to play video games, but he finished his homework first. The infinitive phrase in this sentence is “to play video games”. It answers the question – What did Phil want?. Since it’s the direct object of the verb, it is a noun.

Which sentence has an infinitive phrase acting as an adjective?

Adjectival Infinitives An adjectival infinitive phrase modifies a noun or pronoun. In other words, it acts like an adjective. For example: “As long as she’s here, I’ll always have a friend to talk to me.” The infinitive phrase to talk to me modifies (or describes) the noun friend.

What is a gerund phrase example?

A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include modifiers and/or objects. Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Read these examples: Eating ice cream on a windy day = subject of the linking verb can be.

How do you use infinitive in a sentence?


  1. There’s too much sugar to put in this bowl.
  2. I had too many books to carry.
  3. This soup is too hot to eat.
  4. She was too tired to work.
  5. He arrived too late to see the actors.
  6. I’ve had enough food to eat.
  7. She’s old enough to make up her own mind.
  8. There isn’t enough snow to ski on.

What are the infinitive words?

An infinitive is formed from a verb but doesn’t act as a verb. It acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb, and it is actually made up of two words: to + verb. These two words act together as a noun, adjective, or adverb.

What is infinitive verb example?

An infinitive verb is the word “to” followed by a verb. If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs.

What do you mean by infinitive verb?

In traditional descriptions of English, the infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb when used non-finitely, with or without the particle to. Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like “I must go there” (but not in “I go there”, where it is a finite verb).

What is the difference between verb and infinitive?

The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form. It is the version of the verb which will appear in the dictionary. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by “to” (e.g., “to run,” “to dance,” “to think”). (The infinitive form with the word “to” is called the “full infinitive” or “to-infinitive.”)

How do you use infinitive verbs?

The most common way to use infinitive verbs is as a direct object or an indirect object. When the subject performs an action, the infinitive can answer the question “What?” as the object of that action. Examples of the above infinitives used as direct include: I want to be an astronaut.

How do you use gerund and infinitive?

Gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun in a sentence. Gerund = the present participle (-ing) form of the verb, e.g., singing, dancing, running. Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence.

How do you tell if an infinitive is a noun?

If the infinitive ends a sentence but can not be moved to the beginning of that sentence without adding additional words, it is functioning as either a noun or an adjective.

What is an infinitive statement?

An infinitive phrase is a group of words that uses an infinitive (“to” + verb). An infinitive is a verbal (a word that expresses action); so, an infinitive phrase has the same role of expressing action in a sentence. An infinitive phrase is just a part of a sentence, working like a noun, adjective, or adverb.

How do you teach an infinitive verb?

My Teaching Method for Teaching Gerunds & Infinitives with a Story

  1. Read the story aloud to the class.
  2. Briefly explain that in English, often verbs are followed by another action.
  3. On the white/chalkboard, write “Verb + infinitive” on the left side, and “Verb + Gerund” on the right.
  4. Reread your story for a third time.

What words are participles?

A participle is a verbal ending in -ing (present) or -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, or -ne (past) that functions as an adjective, modifying a noun or pronoun. A participial phrase consists of a participle plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s).

What is an infinitive phrase?

An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. The complement of an infinitive verb will often be its direct object, and the modifier will often be an adverb. For example: He likes to knead the dough slowly.

Can a gerund act as an adjective?

The gerund is a verb which is used as if it were a noun (Examples 1 & 2 below). Since it is a verb, it can not be qualified by an adjective, nor preceded by an article, but, like other forms of the verb, it can be modified by an adverb and take a complement .

How can you distinguish between a main verb and a verb phrase with a participle in a sentence?

The major way to distiguish a main verb and a verb phrase with a participle in a sentence is to pay close attention to how the verb functions or what element does it modify. While main verbs express action, participles look like verbs but function as modifiers or adjectives, and they usually end in -ed or -ing.

What is the difference of past tense and past participle?

So, what’s the difference between the past tense and the past participle? Basically, the past tense is a tense while the past participle is a specific verb form used in the past and present perfect tenses. The past participle is not a tense. It’s a form of a verb and can’t be used on its own.

Is having a present participle?

The verb have has the forms: have, has, having, had. The base form of the verb is have. The present participle is having. The past tense and past participle form is had.

What is present participle tense?

A present participle is a word that (1) ends “-ing,” (2) is formed from a verb, and (3) is used as an adjective or to form verb tense.

What is the function of past participle?

The past participle can perform multiple functions. It can function as perfect tense, as an adjective to describe a noun, and as a passive voice. Its usage is very important in writing.

What are the three uses of present participle?

Function of Present Participle The function of a present participle is to serve as an adjective, a verb, or a gerund. However, it is mostly used as a verb and an adjective to describes nouns and other verbs.