What is phenolphthalein used to test for?

What is phenolphthalein used to test for?

The phenolphthalein test (also known as the Kastle-Meyer test) is a presumptive test for the presence of hemoglobin, a component of the red blood cells in blood.

How does a phenolphthalein test work?

Phenolphthalein is a presumptive test that reacts with the heme molecule present in blood. A positive reaction gives a pink color. While bloodstains normally appear red-brown in color, the color of the substrate or the age of a stain may affect the appearance or visibility of the stain.

What is the luminol test?

Forensic investigators use luminol to detect trace amounts of blood at crime scenes, as it reacts with the iron in hemoglobin. When luminol is sprayed evenly across an area, trace amounts of an activating oxidant make the luminol emit a blue glow that can be seen in a darkened room.

What is the Teichmann test?

Teichmann test (haematin test) A confirmatory test for blood based on the formation of distinctive haematin crystals that are viewed under a microscope. The reagents typically used are sodium chloride and glacial acetic acid.

What is phenolphthalein test chemistry?

The phenolphthalein indicator allows chemists to visually identify whether a substance is an acid or a base. The color change in phenolphthalein is a result of ionization, and this alters the shape of the phenolphthalein molecules.

Why is phenolphthalein used as an indicator?

A strong acid- strong base titration is performed using a phenolphthalein indicator. Phenolphtalein is chosen because it changes color in a pH range between 8.3 – 10. It will appear pink in basic solutions and clear in acidic solutions. Titration: Titration of an acid-base system using phenolphthalein as an indicator.

How does the luminol test work?

Luminol solution reacts with blood to produce light. The luminol solution contains both luminol (C8H7N3O2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The hydrogen peroxide reacts with the iron in blood to produce oxygen. Then, when the electrons return to their natural, “unexcited” level, they release the energy as visible light.

What is a luminol test?

Is luminol presumptive or confirmatory?

Luminol, leuchomalachite green, phenolphthalein, Hemastix, Hemident, and Bluestar are all used as presumptive tests for blood.

How was the luminol test done?

To perform a luminol test, the criminalists simply spray the mixture wherever they think blood might be. If hemoglobin and the luminol mixture come in contact, the iron in the hemoglobin accelerates a reaction between the hydrogen peroxide and the luminol.

Is the Phenolphthalein test a specific test?

The Phenolphthalein test is a catalytic test for the detection of blood. It is also known as the Kastle-Meyer or KM test for presumptive blood. 4. This test is non-specific for the presence of blood. 5.

Why does my blood test turn pink after taking phenolphthalein?

The primary issue with this particular blood test is that there are some specific substances that may register a false positive after being collected. Nickel and copper salts are known to turn the swab pink immediately after the Phenolphthalein has been introduced to the sample.

What is the alkalinity of phenolphthalein HCO3?

CO32-+ H+→ HCO3- Phenolphthalein is an indicator that changes from pink to colorless at pH 8.3 when acid is added (pH decreases). Water that has a pH >8.3 is said to have “phenolphthalein alkalinity,” which is alkalinity due primarily to the presence of carbonate or hydroxide ions.

Why is it important to wait between phenolphthalein and hydrogen peroxide?

This is why it is important to wait a few seconds between the Phenolphthalein and the hydrogen peroxide. This blood test has the same reaction to human blood as it does to any other blood that is based on hemoglobin. Therefore it is only one stage of the screening process of evidence that has been collected.