What is the conclusion of Milgram study?

What is the conclusion of Milgram study?

Social psychologist Stanley Milgram researched the effect of authority on obedience. He concluded people obey either out of fear or out of a desire to appear cooperative–even when acting against their own better judgment and desires.

What did Milgram’s experiment prove?

The Milgram experiment(s) on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. The experiment found, unexpectedly, that a very high proportion of subjects would fully obey the instructions, albeit reluctantly.

What was Milgram’s hypothesis?

The hypothesis tested in the Milgram experiment was that, under the right circumstances, people would follow the directions of an authority figure to the extent of harming or even killing other people. The dependent variable was the response of the research subject.

What was unethical about the Milgram experiment?

The experiment was deemed unethical, because the participants were led to believe that they were administering shocks to real people. The participants were unaware that the learner was an associate of Milgram’s. However, Milgram argued that deception was necessary to produce the desired outcomes of the experiment.

What is a major problem with the original Milgram study?

What is a major problem with the original Milgram study? Milgram lied to his respondents, making his study borderline unethical. What is the major flaw in the Asch conformity study? Asch ignored the importance of several factors influencing conformity- race, class, and gender.

Would the Milgram experiment work today?

Summary: A replication of one of the most widely known obedience studies, the Stanley Milgram experiment, shows that even today, people are still willing to harm others in pursuit of obeying authority. While no shocks were actually delivered in any of the experiments, the participants believed them to be real.

Is the Milgram experiment valid?

Finally, Milgram’s research lacked population validity. Milgram used a bias sample of 40 male volunteers, which means we are unable to generalise the results to other populations, in particular females, and cannot conclude if female participants would respond in a similar way.

What type of research was used in the Milgram experiment?

The original Milgram experiments were conducted between 1961 and 1962. The experiments were led by Stanley Milgram and the result was published in an article titled “Behavioral Study of Obedience”. As the article title suggests, the studies investigated a phenomenon in social psychology called obedience to authority.

Why was the Milgram experiment so controversial?

Few Participants Were Really Debriefed Milgram’s experiments have long been the source of considerable criticism and controversy. From the get-go, the ethics of his experiments were highly dubious. Participants were subjected to significant psychological and emotional distress.

Is Milgram study ethical?

The Milgram study had several ethical issues. The first ethical issue was the degree of deception. The second ethical issue was the right to withdraw consent. Participants were not allowed to discontinue their participation at any time.

What are the most unethical experiments?

These and other controversial experiments led to the formation of rules and guidelines for performing ethical and humane research studies.

  • Harlow’s Pit of Despair.
  • Milgram’s Shocking Obedience Experiments.
  • Zimbardo’s Simulated Prison Experiment.
  • Watson and Rayner’s Little Albert Experiment.

What year was the Milgram experiment?


What was Zimbardo experiment?

The Stanford Prison Experiment Zimbardo and his colleagues (1973) were interested in finding out whether the brutality reported among guards in American prisons was due to the sadistic personalities of the guards (i.e., dispositional) or had more to do with the prison environment (i.e., situational).

How can Milgram’s findings be applied?

Milgram’s discovery about the unexpectedly powerful human tendency to obey authorities can be applied to real life in several different ways. First, it provides a reference point for certain phenomena that, on the face of it, strain our understanding-thereby, making them more plausible.

Why is Milgram study important?

These experiments laid the foundation for understanding why seemingly decent people could be encouraged to do bad things. Blass states that Milgram’s obedience experiments are important because they provide a frame of reference for contemporary real-life instances of extreme, destructive obedience.

What is destructive obedience?

[1] Destructive obedience is defined as following an order that is either illegal or falls into a regulatory grey area or causes moral scruples.

What are social influences on behavior?

Social influence is the process by which an individual’s attitudes, beliefs or behavior are modified by the presence or action of others. Four areas of social influence are conformity, compliance and obedience, and minority influence.

What is blind obedience to authority?

Milgram’s ‘Obedience to Authority’ research is widely believed to show that people blindly conform to the instructions of an authority figure, and Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) is commonly understood to show that people will take on abusive roles uncritically. …

Why is obedience so important?

God created man to rule over the Earth. One answer is that God is calling us to obedience and relationship with him through obedience. By obeying his call to take care of this earth we learn more about him and can grow in understanding of his heart and desires for our lives. Obedience also leads to personal growth.

What part of the brain controls obedience?

The interaction between obedience over time and advice lends more support for the role of the anterior cingulate cortex in decision-making as well as obedience. Specifically, the dorsal region of the anterior cingulate gyrus is associated with rational thought process and reward-based decision-making [48].

Why is obedience dangerous?

Obeying orders from an authority figure can sometimes lead to disturbing behavior. This danger was illustrated in a famous study in which participants were instructed to administer painful electric shocks to another person in what they believed to be a learning experiment.

Is obedience a good thing?

Researchers who study obedience are interested in how people react when given an order or command from someone in a position of authority. In many situations, obedience is a good thing. More disturbingly, obedience often is at the heart of some of the worst of human behavior—massacres, atrocities, and even genocide.

What is real obedience?

Obedience, in human behavior, is a form of “social influence in which a person yields to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure”. Obedience is generally distinguished from compliance, which is behavior influenced by peers, and from conformity, which is behavior intended to match that of the majority.

What does the Bible say about obeying authority?

Romans 13:1-2 says: “Obey the government, for God is the One who has put it there. There is no government anywhere that God has not placed in power. So those who refuse to obey the law of the land are refusing to obey God, and punishment will follow.”

How do you obey the Ten Commandments?

Do the following because I am the lord your god:

  1. Don’t worship other gods.
  2. Don’t take god’s name in vain.
  3. Keep the sabbath.
  4. Honor your parents.
  5. Don’t murder.
  6. Don’t be an adulterer.
  7. Don’t steal.
  8. Don’t commit perjury.

Why do we need to read the Old Testament?

Why You Should Read the Bible Regularly First, the Bible shows us God’s character and provides us God’s revelation of himself to his people. Third, regularly reading God’s word reorients our thinking so that we can grow in maturity, which is part of the Christian calling (Ephesians 4:14–16; Romans 12:1–2).

Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls important?

The fame of the Dead Sea Scrolls is what has encouraged both forgeries and the shadow market in antiquities. They are often called the greatest archaeological discovery of the 20th century because of their importance to understanding the Bible and the Jewish world at the time of Jesus.