What was the term for the fortified hilltop that was a feature of many ancient Greek cities?

What was the term for the fortified hilltop that was a feature of many ancient Greek cities?

A fortified hilltop in ancient Greek cities or an acropolis is a fortified citadel within a larger city. It is usually located on top of a hill and at the center of the city. The most famous acropolis is the Acropolis of Athens. It was built in the 5th century BCE, during the Athenian golden age.

What is a fortified hilltop where male citizens gathered to conduct business?


What was the name of the political unit that centered on a city and the lands surrounding it?

Chapter 3 Mesopotamia

City-State a political unit consisting of a city and the surrounding countryside
Empire land with different territories and people under a single rule
Polytheism the worship of many gods
Priests people who performed religious ceremonies

What was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece?


What were Greek citizen soldiers called?


What is a Spartan shield called?


What did Plato and Aristotle disagree on?

Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of Forms but not the notion of form itself. For Aristotle, forms do not exist independently of things—every form is the form of some thing.

Which political ideology is Plato credited with?

Plato’s political philosophy has been the subject of much criticism. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates is highly critical of democracy and proposes an aristocracy ruled by philosopher-kings. Plato’s political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian by some.

What is the biggest contribution of Plato?

Plato’s 10 Major Contributions And Accomplishments

  • #1 He is credited with establishing the first university in Europe.
  • #2 He gave us an insight into the philosophical teachings of Socrates.
  • #3 He wrote numerous philosophical discussions which continue to be debated.
  • #4 He came up with the influential Theory of Forms.

What is the contribution of Plato in ethics?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

What is a concept for Aristotle?

In metaphysics, or the theory of the ultimate nature of reality, Aristotelianism involves belief in the primacy of the individual in the realm of existence; in the applicability to reality of a certain set of explanatory concepts (e.g., 10 categories; genus-species-individual, matter-form, potentiality-actuality.

What does Aristotelian mean?

Aristotelian in British English 1. of or relating to Aristotle or his philosophy. 2. (of a philosophical position) derived from that of Aristotle, or incorporating such of his major doctrines as the distinctions between matter and form, and substance and accident, or the primacy of individuals over universals.

What is the Aristotelian argument?

Aristotelian argument (based on the teachings of the Greek philosopher Aristotle) is made to confirm a position or hypothesis or to refute an existing argument. Using the techniques at hand, the writer attempts to persuade the reader to a particular point of view.

How do you write an Aristotelian argument?

Aristotelian Argument

  1. Introduce your issue. At the end of your introduction, most professors will ask you to present your thesis.
  2. Present your case by explaining the issue in detail and why something must be done or a way of thinking is not working.
  3. Address the opposition.
  4. Provide your proof.
  5. Present your conclusion.

What do you mean by Golden Mean?

The golden mean or golden middle way is the desirable middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency.

What does the term golden girl mean?

a woman who is very successful and is much admired, although often only temporarily: She’s the current golden girl of American ice-skating.

What is the principle of golden mean?

The basic principle of the golden mean, laid down by Aristotle 2,500 years ago is moderation, or striving for a balance between extremes. The golden mean focuses on the middle ground between two extremes, but as Aristotle suggests, the middle ground is usually closer to one extreme than the other.