Where does the name Acropolis come from?

Where does the name Acropolis come from?

The word acropolis is from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, “highest point, extremity”) and πόλις (polis, “city”). The term acropolis is generic and there are many other acropoleis in Greece.

What is Greek Parthenon?

Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).

What does Citadel mean?

1 : a fortress that commands (see command entry 1 sense 2c) a city. 2 : stronghold the nation’s citadel of health research— Constance Holden a citadel of higher education.

What is a citadel in the Bible?

A citadel is an elevated stronghold within a walled city. Whether a large fortified tower or a complex fortress encompassing palace, temple, treasury, silo, cistern, watercourse, and garrison, a citadel (Ital.

What is an example of a Citadel?

The definition of a citadel is a place where people go for safety or to defend. A medieval castle is an example of a citadel. A fortress in a commanding position in or near a city. A stronghold or fortified place; a bulwark.

What was Citadel Class 6?

The part that was built on a raised height is called the citadel or ‘acropolis’. The part with a low height but a larger area is called the lower town. The citadel was built on a raised ground and had high walls made of bricks. These walls provided protection during floods.

What is the difference between Citadel and Castle?

As nouns the difference between castle and citadel is that castle is a large building that is fortified and contains many defences; in previous ages often inhabited by a nobleman or king while citadel is a strong fortress that sits high above a city.

Which town in Indus Valley Civilization had no Citadel?


Where is Harappa now?

Harappa, village in eastern Punjab province, eastern Pakistan. It lies on the left bank of a now dry course of the Ravi River, west-southwest of the city of Sahiwal, about 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Lahore. Remains of the artisans’ quarter excavated at Harappa, in Pakistan.

Which was the largest site of Indus civilization?


Which was the most frequently depicted animal?


Which was the most frequently depicted animal in Harappan civilization?

The bull was the most depicted animal of the Indus Valley Civilization. It was depicted on their seals and tablets. These were Zebu Bull or humped cattle which were probably domesticated by the Harappans for agriculture.

At which Indus Valley site the remains of horse bones have been found?

Surkotada site

Which was the biggest building in Mohenjo-Daro?


Why Mohenjo-Daro is called mound of dead?

The name Mohenjo-daro is reputed to signify “the mound of the dead.” The archaeological importance of the site was first recognized in 1922, one year after the discovery of Harappa. Subsequent excavations revealed that the mounds contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus civilization.

Who found Harappa?

The Harappa site was first briefly excavated by Sir Alexander Cunningham in 1872-73, two decades after brick robbers carried off the visible remains of the city. He found an Indus seal of unknown origin. The first extensive excavations at Harappa were started by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni in 1920.

Who found Mohenjo-Daro?

R. D. Banerji

Does Mohenjo Daro still exist?

Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE as the Indus Valley Civilization declined, and the site was not rediscovered until the 1920s. Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.

Who made the dancing girl?

Dancing Girl (sculpture)

Dancing Girl (bronze), Mohenjo-daro
Artist unknown, pre-historic
Year c. 2300–1750 BCE
Type bronze
Dimensions 10.5 cm × 5 cm (4 1/8 in × 2 in )

What language did Mohenjo Daro speak?

Harappan language

Indus Valley, Mohenjo-Daro
Region Indus Valley
Extinct c. 1300 BC, or later
Language family unclassified

Which is the oldest civilization in India?

Vedic civilization

When was Mohenjo Daro found?

Archaeologists first visited Mohenjo Daro in 1911. Several excavations occurred in the 1920s through 1931. Small probes took place in the 1930s, and subsequent digs occurred in 1950 and 1964. The ancient city sits on elevated ground in the modern-day Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakistan.

What’s the oldest civilization in the world?

Sumerian civilization

Which is older Mayan or Egyptian?

Egypt civilization appears to have begun about 4,000 to 3,500 B.C. in northern Africa, while the Mayan civilization appears to have arisen around 3300 B.C. in the Yucatan peninsula of North America, now modern Guatemala.

Who did the Maya worship?

The Mayans worshiped nature gods, (especially god of sun, rain and corn), a priestly class, the importance of astronomy and astrology, rituals of human sacrifice, and building elaborate pyramidal temples. Sacrifice was conducted using blood-letting performed by the community, but run by a priest.

Are Mayans related to Egyptian?

It is clear that the Ancient Egyptian and Mayan Civilizations were extremely complex societies with very different cultures, social structures, and natural environments. While Egyptians were isolated, Mayans were heavily influenced by surrounding peoples.