Which of the following factors are non-income determinants of consumption and saving?

Which of the following factors are non-income determinants of consumption and saving?

The Non-Income Determinants of Consumption and Saving. The value of real assets (houses, land) and financial assets (cash, stocks, bonds). When wealth increases, households increase spending and reduce savings. This is called the wealth effect, and it shifts the savings schedule down, and consumption up.

What are the Nonincome determinants of consumption and savings?

Non-Income Determinants of Consumption

  • Consumer expectations,
  • Cost and availability of consumer credit, and.
  • Households’ wealth.

What are the factors that determine savings and consumption?

Top 9 Factors Affecting Household Consumption and Saving

  • Factor # 1. The Level of Income and its Distribution:
  • Factor # 2. Consumer’s Expectations:
  • Factor # 3. The Rate of Interest:
  • Factor # 4. Tastes and Preferences:
  • Factor # 5. The Terms of Consumer Credit:
  • Factor # 6. The Stock of Wealth:
  • Factor # 7.
  • Factor # 8.

What are determinants of consumption?

In fact, consumption depends on the broad factors which determine the demand for a commodity such as income, taste and preference of buyers, prices of different commodities including those of substitutes and complements, time period under consideration, the pattern of income distribution and so on.

What are the four determinants of consumption?

Consumption function, in economics, the relationship between consumer spending and the various factors determining it. At the household or family level, these factors may include income, wealth, expectations about the level and riskiness of future income or wealth, interest rates, age, education, and family size.

What is the most important determinant of consumption?

The most important determinant of consumer spending is disposable income. If consumers have more income, they will spend more, and aggregate demand will increase. When the economy slows down and consumers have less disposable income, they will spend less, and aggregate demand decreases.

What are the five main determinants of consumption spending which of these is the most important?

Consumption will fluctuate less. The five main determinants of consumption spending are current disposable income, household wealth, expected future income, the price level and the interest rate. The most important determinant is current disposable income.

What are the main determinants of aggregate consumption?

Based on the dataset sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin, income (proxied by gross domestic product), interest rate, government revenue and inflation rate were the key determinants of aggregate consumption expenditure considered in this study.

What is the primary determinant of saving?

Income is the basic determinant of one’s capacity to save. Saving comes out of income and not from rate of interest.

What is the meaning of determinants?

1 : an element that identifies or determines the nature of something or that fixes or conditions an outcome education level as a determinant of income.

What is the primary determinant of the level of GDP?

The four supply factors are natural resources, capital goods, human resources and technology and they have a direct effect on the value of good and services supplied. Economic growth measured by GDP means the increase of the growth rate of GDP, but what determines the increase of each component is very different.

When the C line is above the 45 degree line?

When the C line is above the 45-degree line, there is dissaving and consumption is greater than disposable income.

Why is income curve 45 degrees?

The reason why these diagrams have this 45-degree line is that for every point on the line, the value of whatever is being measured on the x-axis is equal to the value of whatever is being measured on the y-axis. Equilibrium national income occurs where Y = E, and this would be every point on the 45 degree line.

What does the 45 degree line indicate?

The 45-degree line shows all points where aggregate expenditures and output are equal. The aggregate expenditure schedule shows how total spending or aggregate expenditure increases as output or real GDP rises. The intersection of the aggregate expenditure schedule and the 45-degree line will be the equilibrium.

Why AS curve is 45 degree?

Answer. The Aggregate Supply curve is represented by the 45° line. Throughout this line the planned expenditure is equal to the planned output. The implication of 45° line is that in case of any disequilibrium, AS will be adjusted in a way to equate AD in order to restore equilibrium back.

What is the slope of a 45 degree line?


What is a deflationary gap?

For example, deflationary gap is the amount by which aggregate demand must be increased to push the equilibrium level of income through the multiplier to the full employment level. In other words, if current national income is below full employment national income, a deflationary gap will arise.

What is Keynesian aggregate supply curve?

The Keynesian aggregate supply curve shows that the AS curve is significantly horizontal implying that the firm will supply whatever amount of goods is demanded at a particular price level during an economic depression.

What are the 3 parts of the Keynesian LRAS curve?

The short-run aggregate supply, or SRAS, curve can be divided into three zones—the Keynesian zone, the neoclassical zone, and the intermediate zone. Keynes’ Law states that demand creates its own supply; changes in aggregate demand cause changes in real GDP and employment.

What are the three ranges of aggregate supply?

Aggregate supply curve showing the three ranges: Keynesian, Intermediate, and Classical.

Why are there two aggregate supply curves?

Like changes in aggregate demand, changes in aggregate supply are not caused by changes in the price level. Instead, they are primarily caused by changes in two other factors. The first of these is a change in input prices. A second factor that causes the aggregate supply curve to shift is economic growth.

What increases aggregate supply?

A shift in aggregate supply can be attributed to many variables, including changes in the size and quality of labor, technological innovations, an increase in wages, an increase in production costs, changes in producer taxes, and subsidies and changes in inflation.

What is the aggregate supply curve?

The aggregate supply curve Aggregate supply, or AS, refers to the total quantity of output—in other words, real GDP—firms will produce and sell. The aggregate supply curve shows the total quantity of output—real GDP—that firms will produce and sell at each price level.

Why is long run aggregate supply vertical?

Why is the LRAS vertical? The LRAS is vertical because, in the long-run, the potential output an economy can produce isn’t related to the price level. The LRAS curve is also vertical at the full-employment level of output because this is the amount that would be produced once prices are fully able to adjust.

What is the difference between long run and short run aggregate supply?

The long-run aggregate supply curve is a vertical line at the potential level of output. The short-run aggregate supply curve is an upward-sloping curve that shows the quantity of total output that will be produced at each price level in the short run.

What is vertical long run aggregate supply curve?

The long-run aggregate supply curve is vertical which reflects economists’ beliefs that changes in the aggregate demand only temporarily change the economy’s total output. In the long-run, only capital, labor, and technology affect aggregate supply because everything in the economy is assumed to be used optimally.

What happens in the long run when aggregate demand increases?

If there is an increase in aggregate demand, the price level will go up. Once wages have adjusted to that inflation in the long run, SRAS decreases and returns the economy to full employment output.

How does a rise in real income affect aggregate demand?

C) A rise in domestic real income decreases aggregate demand for home output because of the increase demand for import.

What shifts the AS curve?

How productivity growth shifts the AS curve. In the long run, the most important factor shifting the SRAS curve is productivity growth. Productivity—in economic terms—is how much output can be produced with a given quantity of labor. One measure of this is output per worker, or GDP per capita.

Why the long run aggregate supply does not depends on price?

Long-Run Aggregate Supply In class, we’ll see that money does not enter into the production function, so money is neutral in the long run…the price level does not enter into the production function either. The economy’s long-run output level does not depend on whether the price level is high or low.