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Why did Jane Addams win the Nobel Prize?

Why did Jane Addams win the Nobel Prize?

During World War I, Addams found her second major calling: promoting international peace. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts in 1931, the first American woman to receive the award. She also wrote a book about her work at Hull House, as well as other books promoting peace.

What happened at the Hull House?

Hull House was a settlement house in Chicago, Illinois, United States that was co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. In the mid-1960s, most of the Hull House buildings were demolished for the construction of the University of Illinois-Chicago.

How did the Hull House Impact America?

The impact rippled across the nation as the work of Hull House and its activists helped establish child labor laws, women’s suffrage, workmen’s compensation, and other hallmarks of the Progressive Era.

What did Addams accomplish as a garbage inspector?

The city did not give her that job, but in 1895, appointed her the inspector of garbage. As inspector, Addams would make sure that the garbage bins were fully emptied and that the trash was properly burned. To quiet her, the mayor made her the official garbage inspector.

What was the first settlement house in America?

Stanton Coit, who lived at Toynbee Hall for several months, opened the first American settlement in 1886, Neighborhood Guild on the Lower East Side of New York. In 1889, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr launched Hull House in Chicago.

What influenced Jane Addams?

Inspired by English reformers who intentionally resided in lower-class slums, Addams, along with a college friend, Ellen Starr, moved in 1889 into an old mansion in an immigrant neighborhood of Chicago.

How did Mary Richmond’s philosophy of helping the poor differ from Jane Addams philosophy?

Jane Addams was an advocate of social action, believing that social conditions were the main causal factor behind welfare concerns. Mary Richmond, on the other hand, supported rehabilitation of the individual.

What were Jane Addams books about?

Addams became an anti-war activist from 1899, as part of the anti-imperialist movement that followed the Spanish–American War. Her book Newer Ideals of Peace (1907) reshaped the peace movement worldwide to include ideals of social justice.

What is Jane Addams best known for?

Jane Addams was the second woman to receive the Peace Prize. She founded the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1919, and worked for many years to get the great powers to disarm and conclude peace agreements.

Why was the suffrage movement in need of new leadership?

Why was the suffrage movement in need of many new leadership after the turn of the century? Years of legal efforts to win suffrage had failed. They were in need of new leaders because the two strongest leaders died and they need to still be strong with new leaders.