What is the meaning of Colporrhaphy?

What is the meaning of Colporrhaphy?

Colporrhaphy, also known as vaginal wall repair, is a surgical procedure performed to correct defects in the vaginal wall, or pelvic-organ prolapse, including cystoceles and rectoceles.

What are endocervical cells?

A pathologist then examines a Pap smear under a microscope, looking for two types of cervical cells: squamous cells, which are typically found in the outer surface of the cervix, and columnar endocervical cells, which come from the lining of the narrow opening in the cervix leading to the inside of the uterus (the …

What does Pelvimetry mean?

Pelvimetry is the measurement of the female pelvis. It can theoretically identify cephalo-pelvic disproportion, which is when the capacity of the pelvis is inadequate to allow the fetus to negotiate the birth canal.

When was Pelvimetry invented?

eighteenth century

What are the signs and symptoms of osteomalacia?

What are the symptoms of osteomalacia?

  • pain felt in the bones and joints.
  • muscle pain and weakness, particularly following exercise.
  • bones that break more easily, particularly those in the hips, lower back and feet.
  • difficulty walking and a change in how you walk – possibly with a waddle.
  • muscle cramps.

What does the word osteomalacia mean?

A condition in adults in which bones become soft and deformed because they don’t have enough calcium and phosphorus. It is usually caused by not having enough vitamin D in the diet, not getting enough sunlight, or a problem with the way the body uses vitamin D.

How do English people pronounce albino?

It’s al-bean-o in the UK, al-Bine-o in USA.

What does albino mean in English?

: an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation especially : a human being who is congenitally deficient in pigment and usually has a milky or translucent skin, white or colorless hair, and eyes with pink or blue iris and deep-red pupil.

What are albino dogs?

Albinism in dogs — or any species — isn’t a specific breed, but is a rare, genetic mutation known as tyrosinase (full albino) or tyrosinase-positive (partial albino). Albinism causes a complete lack of pigmentation, including of the skin, hair, and eyes as well as the blood vessels, resulting in a pinkish tinge.

What is an albino cat?

Albino cats are not simply kitties that happen to be white. They’re very rare, with only two percent of all cats being albino. They also require different care than white cats. An albino cat is born with a damaged or missing TYR gene. This genetic abnormality and lack of melanin is what makes cats albino.

What does albino cat look like?

White cats, as previously mentioned, can have a wide range of eye colors. Albino cats, however, often have eyes that look very pale blue, pink, or red. (Their eyes aren’t really pink or red; the reflection of light against the blood vessels in their eyes just gives them the appearance.)

Are albino cats worth money?

Due to the fact that albino cats are incredibly rare and cannot necessarily be bred to be albino, there is no real market price for albino cats.

How can you tell if a white cat is deaf?

Symptoms of deafness in cats include:

  1. a failure to respond when spoken to or called.
  2. being easily startled.
  3. signs of dizziness or disorientation.
  4. no longer being afraid of the vacuum cleaner or other loud appliances.
  5. shaking their head or clawing at their ear.

How rare is a white cat?

Pure white cats are fairly rare in the general cat population, as they require a gene that hides every other possible coat color and pattern in a cat’s genetic makeup. These cats can have short or long coats and be a single breed or a mix.

Why are white cats with blue eyes usually deaf?

The pure white cat with luminous blue eyes is an attrac- tive image familiar to many. These animals are well-known to be commonly affected by a congenital hereditary deaf- ness that may affect one or both ears; the deafness is linked to the so-called W gene.

Are blue eyes rare cats?

Cats have some of the most beautiful eyes in the animal kingdom, but when they’re blue they’re particularly striking. Because they don’t develop eye pigmentation until they’re about six weeks old, all kittens are actually born with blue eyes, but it is rare to have them as adult cats.

Are all white dogs with blue eyes deaf?

Blue eyes, resulting from an absence of pigment in the iris, is common with pigment-associated deafness but is not, in and of itself, an indication of deafness or the presence of a deafness gene; however, in several breeds (Dalmatian, English Setter, English Cocker Spaniel, Bull Terrier), dogs (and cats) with blue eyes …

Are all cats born with blue eyes?

Kittens are born with blue eyes, which may stay that way or change color as the kitten matures. Cats who are solid white or mostly white may have blue, green, gold or copper eyes. The most common eye colors range from greenish-yellow to gold. You may have heard that white cats are always deaf.

What is the rarest eye color in cats?

The rarest cat eye color is hazel or orange. Cats tend to have low melanin in their eyes which allow them to have light colored eyes. Feral cats and cats such as the Scottish Fold tend to have these colored eyes thanks to the high levels of melanin in their eyes.

Are black cats born with blue eyes?

Like in other cat breeds, black kittens will be born with blue eyes, but these colors will change once they’re older. So you’ll most likely come across fluffy black cat breeds with green eyes and black cat breeds with yellow eyes.

What color eyes do black cats usually have?

green eyes

Do black kittens with blue eyes stay blue?

Will They Stay Blue? As beautiful as blue is, most likely, your kitten’s eyes will change color. All kittens are born with blue eyes (however, you won’t be able to see their baby blues for a few days as they are born with their eyes closed!).

What color eyes do GREY cats usually have?

Since different genes control the amount of melanin in a cat’s fur versus a cat’s eyes, you may find a white cat with green eyes, a grey cat with green eyes, or a brown or black cat with green eyes. Cat eye colors vary, and green eyes are just one of the beautiful eye color combinations in our feline counterparts.